Calcium Balance in Chronic Kidney Disease.

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Annotation Summary

Term Occurence Count Dictionary
calcitriol 1 endocrinologydiseasesdrugs
calcium acetate 1 endocrinologydiseasesdrugs
calcium carbonate 6 endocrinologydiseasesdrugs
hypercalcemia 1 endocrinologydiseases
hyperparathyroidism 2 endocrinologydiseases
osteoporosis 3 endocrinologydiseases
secondary hyperparathyroidism 2 endocrinologydiseases
vascular calcification 2 endocrinologydiseases

Graph of close proximity drug and disease terms (within 200 characters).

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Select Drug Character Offset Drug Term Instance
calcitriol 10894 calcium within a narrow range. The two primary hormones involved are 1,25D (“active vitamin D”/ calcitriol ) and PTH. Low serum ionized calcium is sensed by the calcium-sensing receptors on the parathyroid gland,
calcium acetate 23300 serve as dietary phosphate binders. The most common calcium-based phosphate binders in the USA are calcium acetate , calcium carbonate, or magnesium carbonate/calcium carbonate. Calcium citrate is a popular calcium supplement
calcium carbonate 16348 of 1000 mg/day elemental calcium with or without an additional 1500 mg/day elemental calcium from calcium carbonate given with meals. Subjects consumed their controlled diet plus calcium or placebo for 1 week as outpatients,
calcium carbonate 16785 800–1000 mg/day elemental calcium was near neutral, and that increasing calcium intake by diet or by calcium carbonate pills produced a large positive calcium balance. An important detail is that on the lower calcium intakes
calcium carbonate 18091 horizontal line in each box represents the median, and the bars represent the range. *1500 mg was from calcium carbonate Calcium Intake in Adult CKD PatientsThe Institute of Medicine set new Dietary Reference Intakes (DRI)
calcium carbonate 23317 phosphate binders. The most common calcium-based phosphate binders in the USA are calcium acetate, calcium carbonate , or magnesium carbonate/calcium carbonate. Calcium citrate is a popular calcium supplement due to its
calcium carbonate 23359 calcium-based phosphate binders in the USA are calcium acetate, calcium carbonate, or magnesium carbonate/ calcium carbonate . Calcium citrate is a popular calcium supplement due to its relatively high bioavailability, but it
calcium carbonate 23942 potentially negative balance, as a secondary benefit to their primary use. This is largely limited to calcium carbonate in antacid medications. Other drugs, such as atorvastin, contain calcium in minute amounts so small
Select Disease Character Offset Disease Term Instance
hypercalcemia 18814 restricting the dose of calcium-based phosphate binders … in the presence of persistent or recurrent hypercalcemia ” and “suggest restricting the dose of calcium-based phosphate binders in the presence of arterial
hyperparathyroidism 27686 throughout the stages of CKD, as calcium deficiency could lead to excessive bone loss and secondary hyperparathyroidism [[]] and calcium excess could accelerate vascular and soft tissue calcification [[], []]. Balance studies
hyperparathyroidism 28148 dietary calcium provides benefit, and it could cause harm by worsening bone health and driving secondary hyperparathyroidism . If calcium intake is low in CKD or dialysis patients, counseling seems reasonable in an attempt to
osteoporosis 835 important implications in patients with chronic kidney disease, where negative balance may increase risk of osteoporosis and fracture and positive balance may increase risk of vascular calcification and cardiovascular events.
osteoporosis 3164 positive calcium balance pose potential health threats in CKD-MBD: negative balance may increase risk for osteoporosis and fracture, and positive balance may increase risk for extraskeletal calcification and cardiovascular
osteoporosis 9404 in negative calcium balance, reflecting negative bone balance and bone loss [[]], as post-menopausal osteoporosis is foremost a disease of loss of bone mass rather than net negative calcium balance from low calcium
secondary hyperparathyroidism 27676 calcium balance throughout the stages of CKD, as calcium deficiency could lead to excessive bone loss and secondary hyperparathyroidism [[]] and calcium excess could accelerate vascular and soft tissue calcification [[], []]. Balance studies
secondary hyperparathyroidism 28138 less dietary calcium provides benefit, and it could cause harm by worsening bone health and driving secondary hyperparathyroidism . If calcium intake is low in CKD or dialysis patients, counseling seems reasonable in an attempt to
vascular calcification 903 negative balance may increase risk of osteoporosis and fracture and positive balance may increase risk of vascular calcification and cardiovascular events. Here, we examine the state of current knowledge about calcium balance in
vascular calcification 1516 through diet or supplements cause high positive calcium balance, which may put patients at risk for vascular calcification . However, heterogeneity in calcium balance exists among these patients.SummaryGiven the available calcium

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