Applied Interventions in the Prevention and Treatment of Obesity Through the Research of Professor Jane Wardle.

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childhood obesity 11586 treatment for cancer [[]].Jane also conducted important translational research in the treatment of childhood obesity . Despite the considerable research interest in treating adults with obesity, there was a dearth of evidence
childhood obesity 13138 circumstances could take steps to control their weight, and the study has contributed to the evidence base on childhood obesity treatments.Novel Approaches to Treating ObesityJane made well-established approaches more accessible
obesity 387 ReviewObesity presents a challenge for practitioners, policy makers, researchers and for those with obesity themselves. This review focuses on psychological approaches to its management and prevention in children
obesity 897 theory into interventions. We also explore how Jane has challenged thinking about the causal pathways of obesity in relation to eating behaviour. Beyond academic work, Jane was an advocate of developing interventions
obesity 1292 established.IntroductionThe research conducted by Professor Jane Wardle on psychological approaches for managing obesity stemmed from her background as a clinical psychologist with interests in, among other topics, eating
obesity 1910 interest in those behaviours that were responsible for weight gain and the increasing prevalence of obesity . Jane applied psychological theories to her work, starting with a recognition that a crucial component
obesity 2024 applied psychological theories to her work, starting with a recognition that a crucial component of obesity treatment is behavioural modification.Behavioural Management of ObesityNowadays, it is so well accepted
obesity 2204 ObesityNowadays, it is so well accepted that behavioural therapy (BT) is the standard approach for treating obesity , that it is hard to imagine a time when this was not the case. Of course there are more novel psychological
obesity 2499 For example, NICE recommends that ‘multicomponent interventions are the treatment of choice’ for obesity and these should include a behavioural component [[]]. A cursory glance at the list of recommended strategies
obesity 3120 choice for the majority of individuals with excess weight. The first effective treatment approach for obesity based on BT was published by Stuart and colleagues in 1967 [[]]. Over the subsequent decade, the number
obesity 4248 difference of −2.8 kg in favour of treatment at 12 months).Despite this enthusiasm for addressing obesity with behavioural treatments, there were concerns that ‘dieting’ could be harmful. These concerns
obesity 6336 compensation under ‘normal’ conditions [[]].Jane sought to reconcile these two opposing views—that obesity brought health risks and should be addressed and the ‘non-dieting’ movement with its vehement belief
obesity 6739 ‘non-dieting’ approach, she also recognised the very serious consequences for health caused by obesity . If these two very opposing views could be combined, then overweight individuals could be helped to
obesity 7339 and colleagues published the results of a randomised controlled trial to evaluate a CBT programme for obesity which incorporated a non-dieting approach while maintaining an emphasis on lifestyle change so as not
obesity 7500 maintaining an emphasis on lifestyle change so as not to ignore the substantial physical health costs of obesity [[]•]. In this study, a standard CBT programme was compared to modified-CBT comprising behavioural
obesity 8527 weight loss and more emphasis on self-acceptance. Indeed, it was the focus on emotional aspects of obesity that participants receiving the standard programme reported that they wanted more of.Previously, these
obesity 9450 modified CBT, Jane also felt it was essential that such a programme also address the emotional aspects of obesity and issues around body image. She therefore set about adapting the aforementioned modified CBT programme
obesity 10345 management, healthy eating and increasing physical activity [[]].Jane’s ongoing work in the field of obesity and weight management had also led her to establish the charity Weight Concern in 1997 to address the
obesity 11596 for cancer [[]].Jane also conducted important translational research in the treatment of childhood obesity . Despite the considerable research interest in treating adults with obesity, there was a dearth of evidence
obesity 11672 treatment of childhood obesity. Despite the considerable research interest in treating adults with obesity , there was a dearth of evidence in children in the early noughties. Work from the USA had established
obesity 13148 take steps to control their weight, and the study has contributed to the evidence base on childhood obesity treatments.Novel Approaches to Treating ObesityJane made well-established approaches more accessible
obesity 13444 and tested novel interventions and approaches. Jane applied her interest in the genetic aspects of obesity [[], []] to her work on treatment approaches. Along with colleagues she looked at whether there was
obesity 17472 population level, Jane and colleagues embarked on a large randomised controlled trial [[]]. Adults with obesity were recruited through GP practices and randomised to either a ‘Ten Top Tips’ group or to receive
obesity 17817 simple and brief approach, it was at odds with the more complex comprehensive programmes that dominate obesity care pathways.Table 1The Ten Top Tips1Keep to a meal routine—eat at roughly the same times each day2Go
obesity 20207 pathway.Obesity Prevention and Health PromotionJane also applied habit formation theory to the field of obesity prevention in the context of encouraging healthy feeding habits in parents of young children. Previous
obesity 22778 [[]].Conclusions: Summing upDespite Jane’s far reaching areas of research interest, the study of obesity was always a passion for her and she approached it with the same scientific vigour as all of her work.

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