Effects of obesity on lung volume and capacity in children and adolescents: a systematic review.

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hyperinsulinemia 1 endocrinologydiseases
metabolic syndrome 2 endocrinologydiseases
obesity 29 endocrinologydiseases
childhood obesity 2 endocrinologydiseases

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childhood obesity 17714 greater external validity of the results.Recently, a systematic review showed the negative effects of childhood obesity on spirometric variables, indicated a reduction in FEV1, FVC and FEV1/FVC ratio. However, this study
childhood obesity 23752 and residual volume. The results highlight the need to create strategic effective measures to fight childhood obesity through intervention programs to prevent or mitigate the negative impact of obesity on lung function
hyperinsulinemia 20540 weight may be associated with relevant metabolic changes such as arterial hypertension, dyslipidemia and hyperinsulinemia , which results in metabolic syndrome.[32],[33] Previous data indicate that the association between obesity
metabolic syndrome 20575 metabolic changes such as arterial hypertension, dyslipidemia and hyperinsulinemia, which results in metabolic syndrome .[32],[33] Previous data indicate that the association between obesity and metabolic syndrome is even
metabolic syndrome 20668 results in metabolic syndrome.[32],[33] Previous data indicate that the association between obesity and metabolic syndrome is even stronger if adiposity is located in the abdominal region.[34],[35] In this review, two studies
obesity 47 Title: Revista Paulista de PediatriaEffects of obesity on lung volume and capacity in children and adolescents: a systematic reviewEfeitos da obesidade sobre
obesity 746 (epub-ppub): /2016Publication date (ppub): /2016AbstractAbstractObjective:To assess the effects of obesity on lung volume and capacity in children and adolescents.Data source:This is a systematic review, carried
obesity 1153 Residual Volume AND Obesity. Observational studies or clinical trials that assessed the effects of obesity on lung volume and capacity in children and adolescents (0-18 years) without any other associated disease;
obesity 1756 through BMI (z-score) and 50.0% reported the data on abdominal circumference. All demonstrated that obesity causes negative effects on lung volume and capacity, causing a reduction mainly in functional residual
obesity 2333 reducing functional residual capacity, expiratory reserve volume and residual volume.IntroductionChildhood obesity is currently a major public health problem and increases at an alarming rate in the world's population,
obesity 2626 and 15 million children are obese.[2] Recently, epidemiological data indicated that the prevalence of obesity in the United States is approximately 17% and affects about 12.7 million children and adolescents.[3]
obesity 2788 about 12.7 million children and adolescents.[3] In Brazil, some studies show that the prevalence of obesity ranges from 2.4 to 19.2%, affecting more the South and Southeast regions.[4]According to the World Health
obesity 2916 19.2%, affecting more the South and Southeast regions.[4]According to the World Health Organization, obesity can be defined as an abnormal condition of body fat or excess fat tissue, which causes damage to the
obesity 3424 direct changes to ventilatory mechanics.[1],[5],[6]In recent decades, previous studies suggested that obesity causes a major change in the respiratory system, resulting in loss on thoracoabdominal synchronism.[7]
obesity 4379 (FEF25-75%).[12],[13]A systematic review published in 2012[14] showed, through a critical analysis of five studies, that obesity leads to losses mainly in FEV1 and FVC. However, this study only evaluated the effects of body weight
obesity 4632 account that the spirometry test directly investigates obstructive pulmonary parameters and that the obesity factor seems to affect more the restrictive pattern,[1],[5] the importance of investigating, through
obesity 4913 children is emphasized. Moreover, to date, the results are contradictory in terms of the impact of obesity on these pulmonary outcomes in samples of young individuals.[15]Therefore, considering the increasing
obesity 5037 pulmonary outcomes in samples of young individuals.[15]Therefore, considering the increasing prevalence of obesity in the pediatric population, the effects of this chronic condition on ventilatory mechanics and the
obesity 5339 to obtain more information on the topic. Thus, the aim of this review was to evaluate the effects of obesity on the lung volume and capacity in children and adolescents.MethodThe study consists of a systematic
obesity 6038 lung volume measurements OR total lung capacity OR functional residual capacity OR residual volume AND obesity . These descriptors should be included at least in the title, abstract or in the keywords.Studies that
obesity 8955 eligibility criteria of this review. Thus, only four studies were included, which evaluated the effects of obesity on lung volume and capacity in children and adolescents through body plethysmography. Fig. 1 shows a
obesity 10966 (DLCO).The assessed plethysmographic data included VC, ERV, RV, FRC and TLC. All studies showed that obesity has a negative effect on lung volume and capacity, mainly reduced FRC in 75% of studies, of ERV in 50%
obesity 11196 Overall, the studies have also tested the associations of ventilatory variables and outcomes related to obesity , including BMI, waist circumference, fat mass index and waist-to-height ratio (Table 2).Table 2Characteristics
obesity 14763 studies were identified, most of them with high methodological quality, which evaluated the effects of obesity on lung volume and capacity in children and adolescents.[17]-[20] The findings showed a reduction mainly
obesity 16776 was found carried out in the Brazilian pediatric population that aimed to evaluate the influence of obesity on lung volume and capacity. Perhaps this lack of information at the national level is because there
obesity 17724 external validity of the results.Recently, a systematic review showed the negative effects of childhood obesity on spirometric variables, indicated a reduction in FEV1, FVC and FEV1/FVC ratio. However, this study
obesity 17872 reduction in FEV1, FVC and FEV1/FVC ratio. However, this study did not investigate the effects of the obesity factor on lung volume and capacity.[14] Taking into account that obesity may be considered a disease
obesity 17945 investigate the effects of the obesity factor on lung volume and capacity.[14] Taking into account that obesity may be considered a disease with a restrictive pattern,[1],[5] the data shown here add important information
obesity 18600 on these outcomes.Moreover, it becomes essential to divide these subjects as to different degrees of obesity , as in the present review it was not possible to assess the influence of these factors. Although it
obesity 20656 hyperinsulinemia, which results in metabolic syndrome.[32],[33] Previous data indicate that the association between obesity and metabolic syndrome is even stronger if adiposity is located in the abdominal region.[34],[35] In
obesity 21757 attributed the fact that the first sample included older individuals (8.5 to 18.9 years) with severe obesity , weighing between 52.3 and 192.2kg.Overall, the quality of the selected studies was high, ranging between
obesity 23507 the assessed studies.In summary, the findings of this review demonstrate the deleterious effects of obesity on the lung volume and capacity in children and adolescents, reducing mainly the functional residual
obesity 23762 residual volume. The results highlight the need to create strategic effective measures to fight childhood obesity through intervention programs to prevent or mitigate the negative impact of obesity on lung function
obesity 23846 fight childhood obesity through intervention programs to prevent or mitigate the negative impact of obesity on lung function in this population

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