Association between diabetes mellitus and active tuberculosis in Africa and the effect of HIV.

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diabetes mellitus 67 Title: Tropical Medicine & International HealthAssociation between diabetes mellitus and active tuberculosis in Africa and the effect of HIVAlternative Title: S. L. Bailey et al.S. L. BaileyH.
diabetes mellitus 779 and MEDLINE databases. Studies were eligible for inclusion if they explored the association between diabetes mellitus prevalence and active tuberculosis incidence or prevalence, used a comparison group, were conducted
diabetes mellitus 1575 varied between studies. Individual study adjusted odds ratios of active tuberculosis for the effect of diabetes mellitus (unstratified) ranged from 0.88 (95% CI 0.17–4.58) to 10.7 (95% CI 4.5–26.0). Individual study P‐values
diabetes mellitus 2194 practice on the care and control of tuberculosis and diabetes in Africa.IntroductionAn association between diabetes mellitus (DM) and active tuberculosis (TB) has been established: systematic reviews and meta‐analyses of studies
diabetes mellitus 11302 eligibility.Figure 1Flow diagram of study selection for papers investigating the association between diabetes mellitus prevalence and tuberculosis incidence or prevalence in an African population.The database searches identified
diabetes mellitus 14934 body mass index, socioeconomic status, HIV status (non‐stratified models only)TB, tuberculosis; DM, diabetes mellitus ; FCG, fasting capillary blood glucose; 2hCG, 2‐h capillary blood glucose after a standard 75 g oral
diabetes mellitus 16436 estimates of the unadjusted and adjusted odds ratios of active tuberculosis comparing individuals with diabetes mellitus to those without, overall and stratified by HIV, with diabetes mellitus measured around the time of
diabetes mellitus 16508 comparing individuals with diabetes mellitus to those without, overall and stratified by HIV, with diabetes mellitus measured around the time of TB diagnosis or initiation of TB treatmentStudyOverallHIV uninfectedHIV
diabetes mellitus 18450 Sons, LtdFigure 2Forest plot for the adjusted odds ratios of active tuberculosis comparing those with diabetes mellitus to those without. DM, diabetes mellitus; FCG, fasting capillary blood glucose; OGTT, oral glucose tolerance
diabetes mellitus 18490 adjusted odds ratios of active tuberculosis comparing those with diabetes mellitus to those without. DM, diabetes mellitus ; FCG, fasting capillary blood glucose; OGTT, oral glucose tolerance test; HbA1c, glycated haemoglobin;

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