The Association of Birth Weight and Infant Growth with Energy Balance-Related Behavior - A Systematic Review and Best-Evidence Synthesis of Human Studies

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obesity 1138 (collection): /2017AbstractBackgroundSuboptimal prenatal and early postnatal growths are associated with obesity in later life, but the underlying mechanisms are unknown. The aim of this study was to systematically
obesity 2894 disease risk. Low birth weight, as a marker of suboptimal prenatal growth, is strongly linked to central obesity [[1]], cardiovascular disease[[2]] and type 2 diabetes.[[3]] In addition to low birth weight, high birth
obesity 3124 accelerated postnatal weight gain have also been independently associated with cardiometabolic disease and obesity .[[4]] These associations may reflect physiological predictive adaptive responses to early life environmental
obesity 3457 the hypothesized mechanisms underlying the association of pre- and early postnatal growth with later obesity and cardiovascular disease is the alteration of energy balance-related behaviors, including eating behavior,
obesity 3825 postnatal growth causes excessive intake and diminished PA in the offspring, preceding the development of obesity .[[6]–[8]] The hypothesis that early growth affects long-term energy balance regulation seems plausible
obesity 52886 evidence supporting the idea that postnatal weight gain is more important than birth weight for later obesity risk[[64]], the human evidence on the association of infant growth with energy balance-related behaviors
obesity 56306 Accelerometry Database[[47]], have been productive in epidemiological research on the developmental origins of obesity to date, and represent a potentially valuable existing resource for future studies on the underlying
obesity 59486 systems, such as the autonomic nervous system, or closely related pathways, such as the timing of the ‘ obesity rebound’. Birth weight has been associated with resting metabolic rate[[66]], and infant weight gain
obesity 60058 All these factors have been suggested to contribute to an elevated risk of cardiovascular disease and obesity , and could therefore represent other potential underlying pathways from early growth to later obesity.
obesity 60160 obesity, and could therefore represent other potential underlying pathways from early growth to later obesity . In addition, we excluded studies relating major gestational food restriction to energy balance-related
obesity 62087 scope of this review but will potentially add to the ability to explain the developmental origins of obesity . Third, pooling of data that permit individual level meta-analyses would help ensure sufficient power
obesity 62406 better identification of mechanisms that underlie relationships between early life growth and adult obesity , but current evidence does not allow inferences about the relation of early-life growth with energy

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