Prevention and Care Programs Addressing the Growing Prevalence of Diabetes in China

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Term Occurence Count Dictionary
hyperglycemia 2 endocrinologydiseases
hypoglycemia 3 endocrinologydiseases
metabolic syndrome 3 endocrinologydiseases
metformin 1 endocrinologydiseasesdrugs
obesity 18 endocrinologydiseases
childhood obesity 6 endocrinologydiseases
diabetes mellitus 1 endocrinologydiseases

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Select Drug Character Offset Drug Term Instance
metformin 13126 (IFG) or IGT, the incidence of diabetes was reduced by 58 % with lifestyle intervention and 31 % with metformin after 2.8 years of intervention, compared with the control group, irrespective of gender and race [[]].
Select Disease Character Offset Disease Term Instance
childhood obesity 754 subjects with a genetic predisposition. The growing prevalence of maternal obesity, gestational diabetes, childhood obesity , and early-onset disease can lead to premature morbidity and mortality. Rising to meet these public
childhood obesity 2524 2010 [[]•]. Together with the prevalence of gestational diabetes of 8.1 %–10.9 % [[], []] and childhood obesity of 5.5 % [[]], early-onset type 2 diabetes has emerged as a major public health challenge associated
childhood obesity 9555 independent of genetic susceptibility and maternal diabetes types [[], []]. While maternal obesity, GDM, childhood obesity , as well as early-onset diabetes and chronic diseases are global challenges, these secular trends are
childhood obesity 15198 The respective figures were 1.57 % and 2.67 % in girls [[]]. Given the risk relationship between childhood obesity and diabetes in adulthoods, these school-based programs are likely to promote healthy habits during
childhood obesity 15400 healthy habits during formative years and is also one of the recommended approaches by the WHO to control childhood obesity [[]].Patient Empowerment ProgramSelf-management is a critical component of diabetes care, which includes
childhood obesity 31851 sugar beverages, maternal and child health, environment protection, promoting health literacy, reducing childhood obesity ) and strengthening the health care system to provide integrated care, through community empowerment
diabetes mellitus 8154 including regular surveillance and targeted programs.Gestational Diabetes Mellitus in ChinaGestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is an important but often overlooked risk condition affecting many women and their offspring.
hyperglycemia 6788 offspring of mothers who were pregnant during the famine had 3.9 times increased risk of diabetes or hyperglycemia [[]]. This risk was further increased if the offspring had high socioeconomic status later in life or
hyperglycemia 9336 than those with normoglycemia during pregnancy [[]]. On the other hand, fetal exposure to intrauterine hyperglycemia is associated with abnormal insulin secretory responses and increased risk of early-onset diabetes,
hypoglycemia 16310 exercise, and taking medications. In China, 60 % of people with diabetes worried about the risk of hypoglycemia , 50 % had diabetes-related distress, but only 40 % had participated in any educational program [[]].
hypoglycemia 16704 anxiety, which were associated with increased risk of nonadherence, poor glycemic control, frequent hypoglycemia , hospitalization, and cardiovascular disease [[]–[]].Amongst the many challenges of self-management
hypoglycemia 20235 [[], [], []], blood pressure [[]], and blood cholesterol [[]], as well as reduce body weight [[]] and hypoglycemia [[], []].In China, several studies have confirmed the efficacy of peer support in diabetes management.
metabolic syndrome 2896 of diabetes in China [[]].General and Central ObesityIn Asia, the rising prevalence of obesity and metabolic syndrome are major drivers for the increasing incidence [[]] and prevalence of diabetes [[]–[]]. The risk association
metabolic syndrome 4892 adults, central obesity is a stronger predictor than BMI for coronary heart disease, diabetes, and metabolic syndrome [[]–[]]. In a 6-year prospective survey, increased WC was associated with 3- to 5-fold increased risk
metabolic syndrome 9086 national data [[]].Abnormal glucose tolerance during pregnancy predisposes mother and offspring to metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes in later life. On average, women with GDM had more than 7-fold increased risk of
obesity 723 that can unmask diabetes in subjects with a genetic predisposition. The growing prevalence of maternal obesity , gestational diabetes, childhood obesity, and early-onset disease can lead to premature morbidity and
obesity 764 genetic predisposition. The growing prevalence of maternal obesity, gestational diabetes, childhood obesity , and early-onset disease can lead to premature morbidity and mortality. Rising to meet these public
obesity 2534 [[]•]. Together with the prevalence of gestational diabetes of 8.1 %–10.9 % [[], []] and childhood obesity of 5.5 % [[]], early-onset type 2 diabetes has emerged as a major public health challenge associated
obesity 2884 comorbidities of diabetes in China [[]].General and Central ObesityIn Asia, the rising prevalence of obesity and metabolic syndrome are major drivers for the increasing incidence [[]] and prevalence of diabetes
obesity 3641 characterized by high caloric intake and reduced physical activity [[]], putting Chinese people at high risk of obesity [[]]. The prevalence of adult overweight (BMI ≥25 kg/m2) has tripled from 11.7 % in 1991 to 29.2 %
obesity 3850 29.2 % in 2009 [[]]. Without new public health interventions, by 2030, the prevalence of overweight and obesity are expected to reach 59.7 % and 12.6 %, affecting 669.2 million and 141.2 million people, respectively
obesity 4025 and 141.2 million people, respectively [[]].Compared with BMI, which is a crude estimate of general obesity , central obesity measured by waist circumference (WC) is a stronger predictor for diabetes in Asia.
obesity 4042 people, respectively [[]].Compared with BMI, which is a crude estimate of general obesity, central obesity measured by waist circumference (WC) is a stronger predictor for diabetes in Asia. In Chinese adults
obesity 4809 resistance to unmask diabetes in people with beta cell insufficiency [[], []]. In Chinese adults, central obesity is a stronger predictor than BMI for coronary heart disease, diabetes, and metabolic syndrome [[]–[]].
obesity 5149 recent study that compared the effect sizes of BMI and WC on health outcomes in Chinese adults, central obesity was associated with increased risk of incident hypertension within normal BMI category. The authors
obesity 7847 complications resulting in disabilities and premature death [[], [], []]. With increasing rates of obesity and physical inactivity among young people across the globe, early-onset type 2 diabetes has become
obesity 9541 diabetes, independent of genetic susceptibility and maternal diabetes types [[], []]. While maternal obesity , GDM, childhood obesity, as well as early-onset diabetes and chronic diseases are global challenges,
obesity 9565 genetic susceptibility and maternal diabetes types [[], []]. While maternal obesity, GDM, childhood obesity , as well as early-onset diabetes and chronic diseases are global challenges, these secular trends are
obesity 10704 risk of progression to diabetes was reduced by 51 % compared with the control group irrespective of obesity status at baseline (Table 1). This benefit persisted after 20 years with an annual incidence of diabetes
obesity 15035 activity more than 1 h/d and group 2 less than 1 h/). After 1 year of intervention, the prevalence of obesity was 4.99 % in group 1 and 6.62 % in group 2 for boys. The respective figures were 1.57 % and 2.67 %
obesity 15208 respective figures were 1.57 % and 2.67 % in girls [[]]. Given the risk relationship between childhood obesity and diabetes in adulthoods, these school-based programs are likely to promote healthy habits during
obesity 15410 during formative years and is also one of the recommended approaches by the WHO to control childhood obesity [[]].Patient Empowerment ProgramSelf-management is a critical component of diabetes care, which includes
obesity 31861 beverages, maternal and child health, environment protection, promoting health literacy, reducing childhood obesity ) and strengthening the health care system to provide integrated care, through community empowerment

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