Containment measures for emerging and re-emerging vector-borne and other infectious diseases of poverty in urban settings: a scoping review

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Term Occurence Count Dictionary
tuberculosis 1 infectiousdiseases
Lassa fever 4 infectiousdiseases
chikungunya 2 infectiousdiseases
cholera 12 infectiousdiseases
dengue fever 4 infectiousdiseases
infectious disease 13 infectiousdiseases
malaria 1 infectiousdiseases
meningitis 3 infectiousdiseases
Ebola virus disease 9 infectiousdiseases
diarrhea 1 infectiousdiseases
trypanosomiasis 1 infectiousdiseases

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Select Drug Character Offset Drug Term Instance
Select Disease Character Offset Disease Term Instance
Ebola virus disease 16224 cases of dengue in 2012 in Lahore with no deaths)Limited outcome measures Nyenswah et al. 2015 [[25]] Ebola virus disease (Liberia)Active case-finding; contact tracing; effective triage within the healthcare system; rapid
Ebola virus disease 16849 survival, and reduced transmission in the community)Methodology unspecified Althaus et al. 2015 [[26]] Ebola virus disease (Nigeria)Surveillance and contact tracing; case management; screening of all arrivals/departures in
Ebola virus disease 21136 on types of measuresNo individual assessment of control measure WHO Ebola Response Team 2016 [[34]] Ebola virus disease (Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone)Case-finding; contact tracing; cases isolation; specially designed
Ebola virus disease 21532 study)PositiveDid not explicitly evaluate the impact of the interventions Abramowitz et al. 2015 [[35]] Ebola virus disease (Liberia)Community-based measures (prevention; training; surveillance; response and treatment; post-outbreak
Ebola virus disease 22101 posed as hypothetical rather than concerning local experiences and actions Okware et al. 2015 [[36]] Ebola virus disease (Uganda)Appointment of a national task force; community mobilization; community-based case search, isolation,
Ebola virus disease 27160 consequence of susceptible humans)Limited information on control measures Merler et al. 2015 [[45]] Ebola virus disease (Liberia)Deployment of protection kits to households; Ebola treatment units; safe burialsHealthcare
Ebola virus disease 27903 assessment of effectiveness and coverage of protection kits was not possible Althaus et al. 2015 [[26]] Ebola virus disease (Nigeria)Case isolation; contact tracing; surveillanceEpidemiological investigation and/or surveillance;
Ebola virus disease 28731 interventions; treated the two transmission clusters as a single outbreak Kucharski et al. 2015 [[46]] Ebola virus disease (Sierra Leona)Introduction of treatment beds in Ebola holding centresHealthcare provisionNumber of cases
Ebola virus disease 30286 the study could not determine what measure was the most important factor leading to the reductionEVD Ebola virus disease , LF Lassa fever, SARS Severe acute respiratory syndrome, TB Tuberculosis, MDR-TB Multi-drug resistant
Lassa fever 12260 3%). Diseases included Ebola (n = 9; 29%), dengue fever (n = 7; 23%), cholera (n = 5; 16%), Lassa fever (n = 2; 6%), A/H1N1 influenza (n = 2; 6%), severe acute respiratory disease (n = 3; 10%), multi-drug
Lassa fever 22710 mentioned; did not explicitly evaluate the impact of the interventions Iroezindu et al. 2015 [[37]] Lassa fever (Nigeria)Contact tracing; risk assessment; decontamination of the environment; establishment of a phone-based
Lassa fever 23127 interventionsNumber of secondary casesPositive (no secondary case of LF occurred) Ajayi et al. 2013 [[38]] Lassa fever (Nigeria)Coordination; active surveillance and community mobilization; suspect and contact evaluation;
Lassa fever 30310 determine what measure was the most important factor leading to the reductionEVD Ebola virus disease, LF Lassa fever , SARS Severe acute respiratory syndrome, TB Tuberculosis, MDR-TB Multi-drug resistant TBa The House
chikungunya 3355 the disease since 2015 [[2]]. Although the Zika virus shares similar features with dengue fever and chikungunya , the clinical and public health communities were caught off guard, given the serious consequences of
chikungunya 49348 highlights the need to expand the body of evidence on the containment of neglected tropical diseases such as chikungunya , human African trypanosomiasis, and leishmaniosis.Lastly, both researchers and public health practitioners
cholera 12235 and Oceania (n = 1; 3%). Diseases included Ebola (n = 9; 29%), dengue fever (n = 7; 23%), cholera (n = 5; 16%), Lassa fever (n = 2; 6%), A/H1N1 influenza (n = 2; 6%), severe acute respiratory
cholera 13342 studies Santa-Olalla et al. 2013 [[19]]Cholera (Haiti)Alert & response (A&R) system; identification and assessment of cholera alerts and hotspots; organization of a rapid response with partners to provide immediate support based
cholera 13721 surveillance; community-based measuresNot mentionedPositive (A&R system showed how the rapid detection of cholera alerts was a key element in identifying outbreaks and in directing and coordinating urgent response)No
cholera 13988 system Gazin and Louissaint 2011 [[20]]Cholera (Haiti)Awareness campaign; oral rehydration points; cholera treatment centres; water purificationHealthcare provision; community-based measures; environmental and
cholera 14713 implementation of containment measures)The role of large-scale treatment of antibiotic prophylaxis in ending the cholera outbreak could not be ascertained Bin Yunus et al. 2001 [[22]]Dengue (Bangladesh)Development of national
cholera 19501 development of resistant strainsUncertain (antibiotic prophylaxis limited inter-human transmission of cholera but no impact on the epidemic was shown)New cases of cholera were not always the consequence of contact
cholera 19562 prophylaxis limited inter-human transmission of cholera but no impact on the epidemic was shown)New cases of cholera were not always the consequence of contact with a case, instead resulted from environmental exposure
cholera 25106 2016 [[41]]Cholera (Haiti)Reactive vaccination campaignHealthcare provisionRates of culture-confirmed cholera , severe dehydration at admissionPositive (only 18 of the 52 357 vaccine recipients (0.034%) had culture-confirmed
cholera 25230 dehydration at admissionPositive (only 18 of the 52 357 vaccine recipients (0.034%) had culture-confirmed cholera compared with 370 of the 17 643 unvaccinated (2.09%); no case of cholera had been documented in a
cholera 25305 (0.034%) had culture-confirmed cholera compared with 370 of the 17 643 unvaccinated (2.09%); no case of cholera had been documented in a vaccine recipient since September 2013).Study not designed as a case-control
cholera 25452 recipient since September 2013).Study not designed as a case-control study; impact of natural immunity to cholera not taken into account; heterogeneity of risk for cholera within the catchment area; impact of migration;
cholera 25510 case-control study; impact of natural immunity to cholera not taken into account; heterogeneity of risk for cholera within the catchment area; impact of migration; passive surveillance for acute diarrhea cases; probable
dengue fever 1547 generally low to moderate. The largest body of evidence concerned control activities for Ebola virus and dengue fever . The majority of interventions (87%) relied on multiple types of measures, which were grouped into four
dengue fever 3338 transmission of the disease since 2015 [[2]]. Although the Zika virus shares similar features with dengue fever and chikungunya, the clinical and public health communities were caught off guard, given the serious
dengue fever 12205 the Caribbean (n = 4; 13%), and Oceania (n = 1; 3%). Diseases included Ebola (n = 9; 29%), dengue fever (n = 7; 23%), cholera (n = 5; 16%), Lassa fever (n = 2; 6%), A/H1N1 influenza (n = 2; 6%),
dengue fever 49215 interventions.Thirdly, given that the largest body of evidence concerned control activities for Ebola virus and dengue fever , our study highlights the need to expand the body of evidence on the containment of neglected tropical
diarrhea 25597 of risk for cholera within the catchment area; impact of migration; passive surveillance for acute diarrhea cases; probable that asymptomatic or mild cases did not present to the treatment centres; migration
infectious disease 110 Infectious Diseases of PovertyContainment measures for emerging and re-emerging vector-borne and other infectious disease s of poverty in urban settings: a scoping reviewLaurence CampeauStéphanie DegrooteValery RiddeMabel
infectious disease 429 date (collection): /2018AbstractBackgroundThe emergence and re-emergence of vector-borne and other infectious disease s of poverty pose a threat to the health of populations living in urban and low-income settings. A detailed
infectious disease 838 about the effectiveness of containment measures for emerging and re-emerging vector-borne and other infectious disease s of poverty in urban settings and identify research gaps and implications for public health practice.Main
infectious disease 3589 the rapid spread of the disease [[3]]. As the Zika pandemic will certainly not be the last emerging infectious disease to challenge global health systems, it is necessary to understand the common knowledge gaps in outbreak
infectious disease 4764 literature on the effectiveness of containment measures for emerging and re-emerging vector-borne and other infectious disease s of poverty in urban settings. A secondary objective was to identify research gaps and research limitations,
infectious disease 6625 health librarian and consisted of the following combination of terms: “vector-borne disease*” OR “ infectious disease *” AND “urban setting*” AND “epidemic*” AND “containment measure*” AND “evaluat*”.
infectious disease 7933 an outbreak, an epidemic, or a pandemic; 5) concern emerging or re-emerging vector-borne diseases or infectious disease s of poverty on humans. To ensure a contemporary overview of outbreak control strategies, we also chose
infectious disease 8767 fleas, ticks, flies, sandflies, triatomine bugs, and certain freshwater aquatic snails [[9]].The term ‘ infectious disease s of poverty’, rather than designating a specific group of diseases, is used in global health to describe
infectious disease 41998 mentioned the lack of community involvement and absence of strong social networks as challenges related to infectious disease control in urban settings. Urban dwellers, as opposed to rural residents, were described as persons
infectious disease 43194 knowledge of the effectiveness of containment measures of emerging and re-emerging vector-borne and other infectious disease s of poverty in urban settings. We found that there is limited evidence of effectiveness, given the poor
infectious disease 43450 evaluation of the interventions which were focused on Ebola or dengue control, excluding several relevant infectious disease s. We have developed several recommendations for researchers and practitioners to improve the quality
infectious disease 44408 control of the outbreak to a specific intervention. While most studies provided recommendations for infectious disease control in urban centres, in most instances those were not supported by the appropriate data. They appeared
infectious disease 51566 results of this review demonstrate that there is an important lack of good quality evidence to guide infectious disease containment measures. The majority of interventions included this review were complex, which was further
malaria 12452 disease (n = 3; 10%), multi-drug resistant tuberculosis (n = 1; 3%), meningitis (n = 1; 3%), and malaria (n = 1; 3%). Seven (23%) of the studies were mathematical models, two (6%) were observational studies,
meningitis 12421 severe acute respiratory disease (n = 3; 10%), multi-drug resistant tuberculosis (n = 1; 3%), meningitis (n = 1; 3%), and malaria (n = 1; 3%). Seven (23%) of the studies were mathematical models, two
meningitis 29296 campaignsHealthcare provision; epidemiological investigation and/or surveillanceReduction in confirmed meningitis casesPositive (overall impact of vaccination campaigns ranged from 4 to 12%; vaccination reduced cases
meningitis 29629 provides an estimate of the vaccination campaign impact although rudimentary in its characterization of meningitis epidemiology Yip et al. 2008 [[48]]Severe acute respiratory syndrome (China)Information dissemination
trypanosomiasis 49375 body of evidence on the containment of neglected tropical diseases such as chikungunya, human African trypanosomiasis , and leishmaniosis.Lastly, both researchers and public health practitioners would benefit from more
tuberculosis 12392 A/H1N1 influenza (n = 2; 6%), severe acute respiratory disease (n = 3; 10%), multi-drug resistant tuberculosis (n = 1; 3%), meningitis (n = 1; 3%), and malaria (n = 1; 3%). Seven (23%) of the studies were

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