Essential Oils as Repellents against Arthropods

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Annotation Summary

Term Occurence Count Dictionary
Lyme disease 3 infectiousdiseases
Rocky Mountain spotted fever 1 infectiousdiseases
chikungunya 1 infectiousdiseases
malaria 1 infectiousdiseases
spotted fever 1 infectiousdiseases
Japanese encephalitis 1 infectiousdiseases
infectious disease 1 infectiousdiseases
permethrin 6 infectiousdiseasesdrugs
yellow fever 3 infectiousdiseases

Graph of close proximity drug and disease terms (within 200 characters).

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Select Drug Character Offset Drug Term Instance
permethrin 14795 recombinant RRV expressing Ren luciferase.Codelivery of piperonyl butoxide (PBO) and 35 EOs along with permethrin , a common synthetic pyrethroid, was reported to determine whether the EOs could increase the effect
permethrin 14909 common synthetic pyrethroid, was reported to determine whether the EOs could increase the effect of permethrin against Ae. aegypti and Anopheles gambiae [[70]]. The results suggested that the EOs elevated the efficacy
permethrin 15030 Ae. aegypti and Anopheles gambiae [[70]]. The results suggested that the EOs elevated the efficacy of permethrin than that of PBO and thus can be used as a natural alternative to classic chemical synergists such as
permethrin 15246 [[70]]. Moreover, diverse EOs and EO terpenoids have been shown to provide synergistic effect with permethrin against arthropods [[71]–[73]], although the underlying mechanism is not clear. Further investigations
permethrin 15455 investigations are required to clarify the role of individual terpenoids and their capability to upregulate permethrin efficacy.In addition, quantitative structure-activity relationships (QSARs) could be applied for novel
permethrin 26397 high-level protection against mosquitoes, ticks, and other insects [[10]]. Human exposure to large doses of permethrin may cause genotoxicity and immunotoxicity in humans and farm animals. However, it is classified by the
Select Disease Character Offset Disease Term Instance
Japanese encephalitis 1741 genera, including flaviviruses. Flaviviruses include yellow fever virus (YFV), West Nile virus (WNV), Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), Zika virus (ZIKV), and dengue virus (DENV) [[3]]. Aedes aegypti L. is the primary known
Lyme disease 2841 infected, and around 10,000–20,000 people die annually due to dengue [[12], [13]]. Ticks transmit Lyme disease , which is very common in the United States and Europe. Approximately 300,000 people per year in the
Lyme disease 3037 per year in the United States and 65,000 people per year in Europe are affected by tick-associated Lyme disease according to the CDC [[14], [15]].Unfortunately, however, there are no effective vaccines against these
Lyme disease 24190 against ticks than DEET, by inhibiting attachment and blood-feeding of tick vectors associated with Lyme disease and Rocky Mountain spotted fever [[10]].EPA has registered the oil of lemon eucalyptus (OLE) or PMD
Rocky Mountain spotted fever 24207 than DEET, by inhibiting attachment and blood-feeding of tick vectors associated with Lyme disease and Rocky Mountain spotted fever [[10]].EPA has registered the oil of lemon eucalyptus (OLE) or PMD as a biopesticide repellent, under
chikungunya 1921 [[3]]. Aedes aegypti L. is the primary known vector of some viruses such as the dengue, yellow fever, chikungunya , and Zika viruses [[4]–[6]]. Other arthropods such as ticks, midges, flies, and fleas are also involved
infectious disease 2129 involved in the transmission of these viruses to humans [[7], [8]]. The most common mosquito-borne infectious disease in the United States today is caused by the West Nile virus (WNV), an arbovirus transmitted to humans
malaria 623 transmitted to humans from arthropods, and mosquitoes are the most common arthropods associated with dengue, malaria , and yellow fever. Enormous efforts have been made to develop effective repellents against arthropods,
spotted fever 24222 inhibiting attachment and blood-feeding of tick vectors associated with Lyme disease and Rocky Mountain spotted fever [[10]].EPA has registered the oil of lemon eucalyptus (OLE) or PMD as a biopesticide repellent, under
yellow fever 636 from arthropods, and mosquitoes are the most common arthropods associated with dengue, malaria, and yellow fever . Enormous efforts have been made to develop effective repellents against arthropods, and thus far synthetic
yellow fever 1692 from arthropods and are categorized into several genera, including flaviviruses. Flaviviruses include yellow fever virus (YFV), West Nile virus (WNV), Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), Zika virus (ZIKV), and dengue
yellow fever 1907 virus (DENV) [[3]]. Aedes aegypti L. is the primary known vector of some viruses such as the dengue, yellow fever , chikungunya, and Zika viruses [[4]–[6]]. Other arthropods such as ticks, midges, flies, and fleas

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