infection and liver diseases: Epidemiology and insights into pathogenesis

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Term Occurence Count Dictionary
hepatitis B 2 infectiousdiseases
hepatitis C 5 infectiousdiseases
viral hepatitis 9 infectiousdiseases

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hepatitis B 21558 virus; HCC: Hepatocellular carcinoma.Clinical findings suggesting relationships between H. pylori and hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related liver diseases have also been reported[[96]-[100]]. A higher prevalence of H. pylori
hepatitis B 22537 the disease severity increased[[100]]. Namely, the H. pylori-positive rate in patients with chronic hepatitis B patients but not cirrhosis or HCC was 2.44-fold higher than that in healthy controls (pooled OR: 2.44,
hepatitis C 18190 Esmat et al[[30]] evaluated the presence of the H. pylori CagA gene in liver samples from patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related chronic hepatitis or cirrhosis by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR). In this study,
hepatitis C 19022 liver samples from control patients and in 3.5% of samples from patients with noncirrhotic chronic hepatitis C . The Helicobacter 16S rDNA was detected in 68.0% of liver samples from patients with HCV-positive cirrhosis
hepatitis C 19321 et al[[95]] analyzed the prevalence of H. pylori infection in a total of 1449 patients with chronic hepatitis C and 2377 control cases. The prevalence of H. pylori was significantly higher in patients with chronic
hepatitis C 19435 and 2377 control cases. The prevalence of H. pylori was significantly higher in patients with chronic hepatitis C than in those without chronic hepatitis C (pooled odds ratio 2.93). In a subgroup analysis, the odds
hepatitis C 19477 pylori was significantly higher in patients with chronic hepatitis C than in those without chronic hepatitis C (pooled odds ratio 2.93). In a subgroup analysis, the odds ratios were 4.48 for HCV-related cirrhosis
viral hepatitis 1858 pylori (H. pylori) infection and liver diseases, including nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), viral hepatitis , and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), have high prevalences worldwide, and the relationship between H.
viral hepatitis 2312 obtained in high-quality clinical studies. Associations between H. pylori and the pathogenesis of chronic viral hepatitis , mainly disease progression with fibrosis, have also been suggested in some clinical studies. Concerning
viral hepatitis 4535 controversial[[13]-[23]].Liver diseases, including nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), chronic viral hepatitis , and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), also have high prevalences worldwide. Consequently, the relationship
viral hepatitis 5824 current insights into the relationship between H. pylori and liver diseases, such as NAFLD, chronic viral hepatitis , and HCC.H. PYLORI AND NAFLDNAFLD is an emerging liver disease worldwide, including in Asian countries[[31],[36],[37]].
viral hepatitis 18039 AND CHRONIC VIRAL HEPATITIS OR CIRRHOSISThe involvement of H. pylori in the pathogenesis of chronic viral hepatitis has been speculated (Table 2). Esmat et al[[30]] evaluated the presence of the H. pylori CagA gene in
viral hepatitis 20472 progression of liver fibrosis.Table 2Summary of relevant studies between Helicobacter pylori and chronic viral hepatitis , cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinomaRef.YearCountryStudy designNumber of subjectsConclusionHCVEsmat
viral hepatitis 23194 pathogenicity in the liver remains to be elucidated.In summary, although H. pylori infection and chronic viral hepatitis seem to be associated in limited situations, further studies are necessary to obtain a final conclusion
viral hepatitis 23432 have not yet clearly determined whether H. pylori itself directly contributes to the progression of viral hepatitis .H. PYLORI AND HEPATOCARCINOGENESISSeveral clinical studies have reported an association between H. pylori
viral hepatitis 26999 eradication specifically prevents or improves disease progression is necessary. Concerning chronic viral hepatitis and HCC, some observational studies suggested positive correlations. But, we have to recognize possibilities

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