Stigma reduction in relation to HIV test uptake in low- and middle-income countries: a realist review

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infectious disease 1 infectiousdiseases
AIDS 12 infectiousdiseases

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AIDS 1808 context and the target population in LMICs.BackgroundAccording to the United Nations Programme on HIV/ AIDS (UNAIDS), there are approximately 37 million people worldwide living with HIV and almost 95% of people
AIDS 1816 and the target population in LMICs.BackgroundAccording to the United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UN AIDS ), there are approximately 37 million people worldwide living with HIV and almost 95% of people living
AIDS 2403 the HIV testing service in most LMICs is HIV stigma [[3]].The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/ AIDS defined HIV stigma as a process of devaluation of people either living with or associated with HIV infection
AIDS 10796 the databases of two international organizations, namely the World Health Organization (WHO) and UN AIDS to enhance the possibility of identifying ‘grey’ literature [[18]]. Opportunities were sought to
AIDS 17050 increasing interaction between PLWH and other community members, increasing tolerance and reducing HIV/ AIDS stigma. The effectiveness in terms of HIV testing uptake was not reported.Balfour, 2013To compare HIV
AIDS 25810 populationAttitude, acceptance of VCTImproved knowledge(Pathway 3)Urban residents of program area had higher HIV/ AIDS knowledge levels than urban residents of the comparison area (p = 0.002) and no significant differences
AIDS 26401 knowledge, changed attitude and increased HIV test uptake(Pathway 1)Overall basic knowledge of HIV/ AIDS increased from 2004 to 2008 (p = 0.04) and stigmatisation towards HIV-positive individuals decreased
AIDS 30972 test uptake but, stigma measures had improved significantly for both intervention groupsThe Law of HIV/ AIDS Prevention and Control, which made HIV-related stigma an offence, and promoted full rights to PLWHRaoura,
AIDS 36542 have been tested.Note. ART Antiretroviral Therapy; HBCT Home-based HIV Counselling and Testing; HIV/ AIDS Human immunodeficiency virus and Acquired immune deficiency syndrome; MSM Men having sex with men; PMTCT
AIDS 57832 “Kondela.” A person slims and looks like s/he is HIV positive, but s/he is not. It’s a disease similar to AIDS caused by medicines of the witches. It is often used if you quarrel with someone... if s/he has got
AIDS 59924 community needs, mobilizing community resources, generating additional income, and disseminating HIV/ AIDS information in the community [[49]]. The intervention increased HIV knowledge (M1), increased interaction
AIDS 67230 increase awareness and encourage people to access health services for an effective and sustainable HIV/ AIDS response in resource-limited settings [[59]].Fourth, extending HIV testing uptake and coverage to underserved
infectious disease 62349 being linked with homosexual behaviour and drug use and defined HIV as an incurable, fatal and highly infectious disease . This message led to an increased level of perceived threat of HIV among the general population, which

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