Endemic and emerging arboviral diseases of livestock in Nigeria: a review.

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Term Occurence Count Dictionary
Murray Valley encephalitis 1 infectiousdiseases
Omsk hemorrhagic fever 1 infectiousdiseases
Venezuelan equine encephalitis 1 infectiousdiseases
louping ill 1 infectiousdiseases
malaria 2 infectiousdiseases
rabies 1 infectiousdiseases
Japanese encephalitis 3 infectiousdiseases
Rift Valley fever 7 infectiousdiseases
West Nile fever 2 infectiousdiseases
infectious disease 1 infectiousdiseases
typhoid fever 2 infectiousdiseases
African horse sickness 5 infectiousdiseases

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African horse sickness 3931 Drain, Akabane, Aino, Shuni and Schmallenberg virusesBiting midges (family Ceratopogonidae)Reoviridae African horse sickness , Kasba, bluetongue, epizootic hemorrhagic disease of deer, Ibaraki, equine encephalosis, Peruvian horse
African horse sickness 9040 virus1930 (Kenya)1959Sheep[[45]]West Nile fever virus1937 (Uganda)1959Animals[[68]]1973Humans[[69]] African horse sickness 1900 (South Africa)1971Horse[[107]]Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever virus1944–1945 (Crimea)1970Cattle,
African horse sickness 20590 adopting the One Health approach for investigation of human cases that involve animals and insects [[89]]. African horse sickness virusAfrican horse sickness virus (AHSV) is a double-stranded RNA virus belonging to the genus Orbivirus
African horse sickness 20618 for investigation of human cases that involve animals and insects [[89]].African horse sickness virus African horse sickness virus (AHSV) is a double-stranded RNA virus belonging to the genus Orbivirus of the family Reoviridae.
African horse sickness 20754 is a double-stranded RNA virus belonging to the genus Orbivirus of the family Reoviridae. It causes African horse sickness (AHS), an acute or sub-acute infectious, non-contagious viral disease of equids (horses, mules, donkeys
Japanese encephalitis 3341 Middelburg, Getah and Semliki Forest virusesMosquitoes (family Culicidae)FlaviviridaeYellow fever, Japanese encephalitis , Murray Valley encephalitis, West Nile, Usutu, Israel turkey meningoencephalitis, Tembusu and Wesselsbron
Japanese encephalitis 15288 country.West Nile virusWest Nile virus (WNV) is a zoonotic, mosquito-borne pathogen that belongs to the Japanese encephalitis virus serocomplex within the genus Flavivirus, family Flaviviridae [[53]]. It was first isolated in
Japanese encephalitis 18128 Culex neavei mosquitoes [[78]], Usutu virus (USUV) is a mosquito-borne flavivirus belonging to the Japanese encephalitis virus serocomplex [[79]]. It is regarded as a neglected emerging arbovirus in Europe and Africa [[80]],
Murray Valley encephalitis 3364 Semliki Forest virusesMosquitoes (family Culicidae)FlaviviridaeYellow fever, Japanese encephalitis, Murray Valley encephalitis , West Nile, Usutu, Israel turkey meningoencephalitis, Tembusu and Wesselsbron virusesMosquitoes (family
Omsk hemorrhagic fever 3543 meningoencephalitis, Tembusu and Wesselsbron virusesMosquitoes (family Culicidae)Tick-borne encephalitis, louping ill, Omsk hemorrhagic fever , Kyasanur Forest disease and Tyuleniy virusesTicks (family Ixodidae)BunyaviridaeRift Valley fever, La
Rift Valley fever 3646 Omsk hemorrhagic fever, Kyasanur Forest disease and Tyuleniy virusesTicks (family Ixodidae)Bunyaviridae Rift Valley fever , La Crosse, Snowshoe hare and Cache Valley virusesMosquitoes (family Culicidae)Nairobi sheep disease,
Rift Valley fever 8923 NigeriaSourceReferenceBluetongue1905 (South Africa)1974Culicoides spp., shrews (Crocidura spp.)[[22]] Rift Valley fever virus1930 (Kenya)1959Sheep[[45]]West Nile fever virus1937 (Uganda)1959Animals[[68]]1973Humans[[69]]African
Rift Valley fever 12185 numbers in Nigeria [[31], [32]]. This may account for the widespread nature of the disease in the country. Rift Valley fever virusRift Valley fever (RVF) is a zoonotic, arthropod-borne viral disease important in domesticated
Rift Valley fever 12208 [32]]. This may account for the widespread nature of the disease in the country.Rift Valley fever virus Rift Valley fever (RVF) is a zoonotic, arthropod-borne viral disease important in domesticated ruminants [[33]]. This
Rift Valley fever 12442 characterized by high mortality rates in young animals and abortions in pregnant ruminants [[33], [34]]. Rift Valley fever can affect many species of animals including sheep, cattle, goats, buffalo, camels, monkeys as well
Rift Valley fever 14175 [[46]–[49]]. It is not yet clear whether the indigenous breeds of sheep are susceptible to overt Rift Valley fever . Experimental transmission studies revealed that although the West African dwarf (WAD) sheep developed
Rift Valley fever 14519 and abortion in adult WAD ewes experimentally inoculated with the Nigerian indigenous virus strain. Rift Valley fever virus has been recognized in Nigeria for about six decades; nevertheless, the present knowledge of the
Venezuelan equine encephalitis 3193 1Arboviruses pathogenic for domestic and wild mammalsFamilySpeciesVectorTogaviridaeEastern, Western and Venezuelan equine encephalitis viruses, Sindbis, Middelburg, Getah and Semliki Forest virusesMosquitoes (family Culicidae)FlaviviridaeYellow
West Nile fever 8973 Africa)1974Culicoides spp., shrews (Crocidura spp.)[[22]]Rift Valley fever virus1930 (Kenya)1959Sheep[[45]] West Nile fever virus1937 (Uganda)1959Animals[[68]]1973Humans[[69]]African horse sickness1900 (South Africa)1971Horse[[107]]Crimean-Congo
West Nile fever 17776 febrile illness [[77]] have also been made. These reports underscore the need for consideration of West Nile fever in the differential diagnosis of febrile illnesses in Nigeria since its clinical presentation could
infectious disease 384 (arboviruses) are the largest biologic group of vertebrate viruses and constitute important emerging infectious disease agents globally. Arthropod transmission provides a way for viruses to cross species barriers since the
louping ill 3530 meningoencephalitis, Tembusu and Wesselsbron virusesMosquitoes (family Culicidae)Tick-borne encephalitis, louping ill , Omsk hemorrhagic fever, Kyasanur Forest disease and Tyuleniy virusesTicks (family Ixodidae)BunyaviridaeRift
malaria 17595 transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction in humans and mosquitoes [[74]], while reports of co-infection of WNV in malaria and typhoid fever patients [[76]] as well as in cases of undifferentiated febrile illness [[77]] have
malaria 17908 differential diagnosis of febrile illnesses in Nigeria since its clinical presentation could be mistaken for malaria and typhoid fevers, which are endemic in the country.Usutu virusOriginally isolated in South Africa
rabies 27886 Agricultural Farm in December 1967 and found to be antigenically related to Mokola virus, a member of the rabies serogroup [[150]]. The first association of this virus with animal disease was reported when an exotic
typhoid fever 17607 chain reaction in humans and mosquitoes [[74]], while reports of co-infection of WNV in malaria and typhoid fever patients [[76]] as well as in cases of undifferentiated febrile illness [[77]] have also been made.
typhoid fever 17920 diagnosis of febrile illnesses in Nigeria since its clinical presentation could be mistaken for malaria and typhoid fever s, which are endemic in the country.Usutu virusOriginally isolated in South Africa in 1959 from Culex

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