Incubation period of typhoidal salmonellosis: a systematic review and meta-analysis of outbreaks and experimental studies occurring over the last century

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Term Occurence Count Dictionary
diarrhea 1 infectiousdiseases
salmonellosis 3 infectiousdiseases
typhoid fever 12 infectiousdiseases

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Select Drug Character Offset Drug Term Instance
Select Disease Character Offset Disease Term Instance
diarrhea 22230 13723 (79.31)23 (3)NRFood handlerPicnicIce creamNot reportedNot reportedSpecific to fever and excluding diarrhea and vomitingNR Not reportedIdentification of cases was dependent on the case definition given by the
salmonellosis 61 Title: BMC Infectious DiseasesIncubation period of typhoidal salmonellosis : a systematic review and meta-analysis of outbreaks and experimental studies occurring over the last
salmonellosis 7349 date of exposure and onset is known for each case or experimental study.Probable cases of typhoidal salmonellosis based on clinical presentation and case definitions in the context of a point source exposure outbreak.Infectious
salmonellosis 8611 were done in the following phases:Screening of titles and abstracts for articles reporting typhoidal salmonellosis Screening of full texts for reporting of incubation periodReview of full texts to assess exposure times
typhoid fever 418 9/2018Publication date (collection): /2018AbstractBackgroundSalmonella Typhi is a human pathogen that causes typhoid fever . It is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in developing countries and is responsible for several
typhoid fever 3296 remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality in developing countries [[1]]. Laboratory diagnosis of typhoid fever involves culture and identification through biochemical and serological means. Widal agglutination test
typhoid fever 3711 [[3]]. Although it is a gastrointestinal infection, diarrhoea and vomiting are atypical symptoms of typhoid fever . People suffering from typhoid fever typically complain of systemic symptoms including gradual onset
typhoid fever 3748 gastrointestinal infection, diarrhoea and vomiting are atypical symptoms of typhoid fever. People suffering from typhoid fever typically complain of systemic symptoms including gradual onset of fever, general malaise, headaches
typhoid fever 3902 including gradual onset of fever, general malaise, headaches and abdominal pain [[4]].Prevention of typhoid fever , like most other gastrointestinal infections, includes good hand hygiene [[5]] and exclusion of infected
typhoid fever 4120 food handlers. In addition, typhoid vaccine has been known to offer some protection [[6]].Although typhoid fever in developed countries is mostly a sporadic disease associated with travel to endemic countries, outbreaks
typhoid fever 4946 disease by studying certain parameters in real-life and under laboratory conditions.Incubation period of typhoid fever , which is the time between exposure and onset of clinical symptoms, is one of the essential parameters
typhoid fever 5321 food matrix and host characteristics. An accurate knowledge of the incubation period distribution of typhoid fever is relevant for surveillance and implementation of public health interventions. It also contributes
typhoid fever 5792 exclusion of travel related cases. The incubation period also offers insights into the pathophysiology of typhoid fever and is important in conducting epidemiological and ecological studies [[11]].Despite the importance
typhoid fever 5964 ecological studies [[11]].Despite the importance of knowing the accurate incubation period distribution of typhoid fever , large organisations give a wide range with no clear indication of which durations are common and which
typhoid fever 6484 the literature for outbreaks of well-defined point source exposures and human experimental studies of typhoid fever with the aim of estimating the distribution of the incubation period and identify factors that may explain
typhoid fever 32980 defining a case [[40]], case definitions depend on the authors’ perception. The complex syndrome of typhoid fever [[7]] makes the process of defining cases arbitrary. In our review, some of the case definitions were

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