Human anisakiasis in Italy: a retrospective epidemiological study over two decades

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Term Occurence Count Dictionary
opisthorchiasis 1 infectiousdiseases
toxoplasmosis 1 infectiousdiseases
anisakiasis 30 infectiousdiseases
clonorchiasis 1 infectiousdiseases
cysticercosis 1 infectiousdiseases
diphyllobothriasis 1 infectiousdiseases
echinococcosis 1 infectiousdiseases
ivermectin 1 infectiousdiseasesdrugs

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ivermectin 44926 the sample (Appendix B).To date, there is no definitive medicinal therapy [[108]]. Albendazole and ivermectin have been shown to be effective [[97]]. As concerns the antiparasitic treatment in the cases reviewed
Select Disease Character Offset Disease Term Instance
anisakiasis 21 Title: ParasiteHuman anisakiasis in Italy: a retrospective epidemiological study over two decadesAnisakiase humaine en Italie : une
anisakiasis 965 56126 Pisa Italy Publication date: /2018Publication date: 7/2018AbstractA retrospective analysis on human anisakiasis in Italy since its first description in 1996 was performed by conducting a literature search. Inclusion
anisakiasis 2104 cases (2.7%), the source was not available. This is the first systematic analysis of Italian cases of anisakiasis . The main conclusions derived from the results are: i) attention should be given to the history, in
anisakiasis 2295 given to the history, in particular when raw marinated anchovies, proven to be the main source of human anisakiasis in Italy, are consumed; ii) in order to assess correct epidemiological data, a confirmed and specific
anisakiasis 4034 larvae of the genus Anisakis may be indicated as “anisakiosis” [[57]], even though the term “ anisakiasis ” is more frequently used [[71], [110], [114]]. Adult worms are found in the stomach of marine mammals
anisakiasis 5401 majority of cases, reflecting the traditional frequent consumption of raw fish in these regions, where anisakiasis is considered a relatively common public health issue [[11], [76], [90]]. It is estimated that more
anisakiasis 6882 the number of reported human cases in Italy has steadily increased. However, the real occurrence of anisakiasis in the Italian population could be underestimated, since scientific data are scattered and hospital
anisakiasis 7223 [51], [76]].The aim of the present study was to conduct a retrospective analysis on the human cases of anisakiasis described in Italy since 1996. The epidemiological data and clinical features of the reported cases
anisakiasis 7758 using the following keywords: (Anisakidae OR Anisakis) AND (human OR human cases) OR (anisakidosis OR anisakiasis ) AND Italy. The search was conducted using the terms together or combined differently in order to retrieve
anisakiasis 15580 (N = 1, 1.5%). Results are shown in Fig. 1.Figure 1.Map of the distribution of the Italian cases of anisakiasis included in the present study, divided per region. Created with Mapchart.net.Source of infectionThe
anisakiasis 20452 8 mesentery/omentum, 1 spleen), while only 2 patients who underwent surgical treatment had gastric anisakiasis . The statistical analysis showed a highly significant association (p < 0.001) between the surgical
anisakiasis 29024 (https://www.sanita.puglia.it/archivio-news_det/-/journal_content/56/20182/prevenzione-dell-anisakiasi-da-consumo-di-prodotti-della-pesca).Source of infectionIt is widely recognised that the source of human anisakiasis relates to the geographical areas and to different eating habits [[110]]. Several commercial fish species
anisakiasis 29494 and Spain [[10], [102], [118]]. Spain, in particular, is considered to have the highest incidence of anisakiasis in Europe, predominantly through consumption of the traditional marinated dish “anchovies in vinegar”.
anisakiasis 29639 consumption of the traditional marinated dish “anchovies in vinegar”. However, the actual human anisakiasis burden is unknown due to the scarcity of epidemiological data [[13], [43]]. Anchovies (Engraulis encrasicolus)
anisakiasis 38339 for which a molecular diagnosis was available, A. pegreffii was found to be the causative agent of anisakiasis . These data confirm that in the Mediterranean region, the zoonotic risk is mainly associated with the
anisakiasis 40684 retrospective case series study conducted on 83 cases in Tokyo, Japan, 47% of patients presented gastric anisakiasis and 53% small intestinal anisakiasis [[114]]. However, other authors state that in Japan, the acute
anisakiasis 40721 on 83 cases in Tokyo, Japan, 47% of patients presented gastric anisakiasis and 53% small intestinal anisakiasis [[114]]. However, other authors state that in Japan, the acute gastric form prevails (95%), while in
anisakiasis 41719 recent studies [[110], [114]]. These observations support the suggestion of some authors who consider anisakiasis as a misdiagnosed and underestimated cause of acute abdomen disorders [[25]]. In particular, anisakiasis
anisakiasis 41824 anisakiasis as a misdiagnosed and underestimated cause of acute abdomen disorders [[25]]. In particular, anisakiasis should be considered when the cause of abdominal pain cannot be determined by initial assessment [[114]].In
anisakiasis 43387 forms, endoscopy represents not only a valid diagnostic tool but also the elective treatment for gastric anisakiasis [[23], [114]], as also observed in this retrospective study. Many reports included in the study state
anisakiasis 44118 curvature [[108]], the most frequent parasitic location in the organ [[87], [107]]. For the other forms of anisakiasis , the choice of treatment depends on the specific complications [[97]]. Since the symptoms of anisakiasis
anisakiasis 44223 anisakiasis, the choice of treatment depends on the specific complications [[97]]. Since the symptoms of anisakiasis are not pathognomonic, gastric anisakidosis is often misdiagnosed as peptic ulcer, stomach tumour or
anisakiasis 44758 here, very often other diseases were suspected (in most of the cases appendicitis) and the diagnosis of anisakiasis was only performed after the histological examination of the sample (Appendix B).To date, there is no
anisakiasis 45587 to the development of eosinophilic granuloma [[90]].Occurrence of allergic reactionsGastrointestinal anisakiasis may be accompanied by IgE-mediated allergic reactions, ranging from urticaria or angio-oedema to anaphylaxis
anisakiasis 45888 reactions and gastrointestinal symptoms simultaneously is generally indicated as “gastro-allergic anisakiasis (GAA)”, an acute allergic reaction with symptoms of hypersensitivity appearing several hours after
anisakiasis 48072 first retrospective study reviewing epidemiological data and clinical manifestations of the cases of anisakiasis occurring in Italy since its first description. The number of cases of anisakiasis is certainly higher
anisakiasis 48155 of the cases of anisakiasis occurring in Italy since its first description. The number of cases of anisakiasis is certainly higher than reported, since many might not be diagnosed or published, and others might
anisakiasis 48317 might not be diagnosed or published, and others might heal spontaneously. Our study suggests that human anisakiasis must be taken into account in the differential diagnosis of acute abdominal syndromes, particularly
anisakiasis 48657 limits in diagnosis and treatment. These aspects may be of interest to medical doctors for managing anisakiasis in other countries.Pathologists should take into account the possibility of this parasitic infection
anisakiasis 49924 attention should be given to raw marinated anchovies, which are proven to be the main source of human anisakiasis in Italy. Considering the globalisation of the food supply and changes in culinary habits, as well as
clonorchiasis 2954 trichinellosis and cysticercosis has long been recognised, fish-borne parasitic diseases like opisthorchiasis, clonorchiasis , intestinal trematodiasis, diphyllobothriasis or anisakidosis have received, until two decades ago,
cysticercosis 2862 [[44]]. In addition, while the importance of meat-borne parasitic zoonoses such as trichinellosis and cysticercosis has long been recognised, fish-borne parasitic diseases like opisthorchiasis, clonorchiasis, intestinal
diphyllobothriasis 2995 recognised, fish-borne parasitic diseases like opisthorchiasis, clonorchiasis, intestinal trematodiasis, diphyllobothriasis or anisakidosis have received, until two decades ago, less attention, despite the large numbers of human
echinococcosis 6170 are considered [[41]]. In fact, the only parasitic zoonoses currently included are trichinellosis, echinococcosis and toxoplasmosis [[42]]. A very recent study estimated the incidence of anisakidosis in France by analysing
opisthorchiasis 2937 such as trichinellosis and cysticercosis has long been recognised, fish-borne parasitic diseases like opisthorchiasis , clonorchiasis, intestinal trematodiasis, diphyllobothriasis or anisakidosis have received, until two
toxoplasmosis 6189 [[41]]. In fact, the only parasitic zoonoses currently included are trichinellosis, echinococcosis and toxoplasmosis [[42]]. A very recent study estimated the incidence of anisakidosis in France by analysing data from

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