Medicinal Plants Used in the Treatment of Human Immunodeficiency Virus.

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Term Occurence Count Dictionary
malaria 1 infectiousdiseases
meningitis 1 infectiousdiseases
tenofovir 1 infectiousdiseasesdrugs
tuberculosis 1 infectiousdiseases
AIDS 24 infectiousdiseases
abacavir 1 infectiousdiseasesdrugs
efavirenz 1 infectiousdiseasesdrugs
lamivudine 1 infectiousdiseasesdrugs

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Select Drug Character Offset Drug Term Instance
abacavir 9728 Recommendations for initial regimens include two nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs; abacavir with lamivudine or tenofovir disoproxil fumarate with emtricitabine) and an integrase strand transfer
efavirenz 9951 such as dolutegravir, elvitegravir, or raltegravir; a nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor ( efavirenz or rilpivirine) or a boosted protease inhibitor (darunavir or atazanavir) [[10]]. Alternative regimens
lamivudine 9742 for initial regimens include two nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs; abacavir with lamivudine or tenofovir disoproxil fumarate with emtricitabine) and an integrase strand transfer inhibitor, such
tenofovir 9756 regimens include two nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs; abacavir with lamivudine or tenofovir disoproxil fumarate with emtricitabine) and an integrase strand transfer inhibitor, such as dolutegravir,
Select Disease Character Offset Disease Term Instance
AIDS 5533 people living with HIV, have the highest number of children living with HIV and the highest number of AIDS related deaths [[2]].New data from coding complete genome analyses of US serum samples from 1978 to
AIDS 6472 [[4]]. The Centers for Disease Control eventually made the connections between homosexual men with AIDS and Kaposi’s syndrome and sexual transmission of an infectious agent [[5],[6]].1.1. PathophysiologyThe
AIDS 9182 decades before the viral reservoir might decay to negligible levels.1.3. Current Treatments for HIV/ AIDS Although HIV was recognized early in the 1980s, there is still no cure or an effective vaccine for HIV
AIDS 9548 active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in 1996 significantly reduced the morbidity and mortality of HIV/ AIDS . Antiretroviral therapy is currently recommended for all adults with HIV. Recommendations for initial
AIDS 11079 condition [[2],[3],[11],[12]]. Interestingly, the increased survival rate has resulted in an aging HIV/ AIDS population, which has presented a whole new set of issues including a higher prevalence of chronic diseases
AIDS 11359 malignancies and even a unique set of comorbidities, which are now designated as HIV-associated non- AIDS (HANA) conditions.Antiretroviral agents remain the cornerstone of HIV treatment and prevention [[17]].
AIDS 11736 (ART) soon after diagnosis to prevent disease progression, improve clinical outcomes including reducing AIDS -associated events, non-AIDS-related events, and all-cause mortality, as well as to decrease transmission
AIDS 11764 prevent disease progression, improve clinical outcomes including reducing AIDS-associated events, non- AIDS -related events, and all-cause mortality, as well as to decrease transmission [[17]]. These recommendations
AIDS 13659 overcome the issues of HIV reservoirs in the body in order to have the complete eradication of HIV and AIDS . Latently infected cells remain a primary barrier to eradication of HIV-1. Over the last ten years the
AIDS 15641 In terms of clinical data, a meta-analysis assessed 12 clinical trials involving 881 patients with AIDS to determine the efficacy of traditional Chinese medicines (TCM). The results showed that TCM interventions
AIDS 16024 than placebo for reducing plasma viral load and increasing CD4+ T lymphocyte count in patients with AIDS . However, when compared with conventional Western medicine, TCM interventions were significantly less
AIDS 20615 anti-HIV agents is considered to be one of the most important approaches toward effective therapy for AIDS [[365]]. Bioassay-guided fractionation and isolation of secondary metabolites from medicinal plants
AIDS 26180 sieberiana D.C. (Fabaceae)Cassia abbreviata growing in Botswana used by traditional healers to manage HIV/ AIDS , was tested for their inhibitory effects on HIV replication against a clone of HIV-1c (MJ4) measuring
AIDS 27328 measurement of reverse transcriptase activity and p24 content in cell cultures. In addition, in a murine AIDS model that the treatment with purified substance significantly prevented splenomegaly and the enlargement
AIDS 30611 as rapid and sensitive assay system for the detection of potential antiviral drugs effective against AIDS . The aqueous extract of Dittrichia viscosa has showed inhibitory effects against HIV-1 induced infections
AIDS 34401 medicinal purposes, particularly wound healing, since the Middle Ages. It was also used in treatment of AIDS [[380]]. In a clinical trial, hypericin and pseudohypericin isolated from this plant have shown antiretroviral
AIDS 35108 a rapid and sensitive assay system for the detection of potential antiviral drugs effective against AIDS . This extract had shown inhibitory effects against HIV-1 induced infections in MT-2 cells at concentrations
AIDS 37414 values lower than that of AZT, the first anti-HIV drug developed and still used in the treatment of HIV/ AIDS . Like AZT, it inhibited the particle production of all four HIV-1 isolates effectively in a dose-dependent
AIDS 43665 These studies are considered to be one of the most important approaches toward effective therapy for AIDS .4. Human Clinical TrialsThere are few reports about using the herbal medicine in clinical studies and
AIDS 43790 TrialsThere are few reports about using the herbal medicine in clinical studies and treatment for HIV/ AIDS . This area is not well researched. But, in Africa, where HIV, AIDS and HIV related diseases are the
AIDS 43857 clinical studies and treatment for HIV/AIDS. This area is not well researched. But, in Africa, where HIV, AIDS and HIV related diseases are the most widespread problems, herbal medicines are used as primary treatment
AIDS 44291 randomized studies related to beneficial effects of traditional medical plants on patients with HIV or AIDS which were compared with control group (without treatment and placebo). The effects in promoting CD4+
AIDS 46095 medicines with antiretroviral treatments and recommended two plants remedies which have been used for HIV/ AIDS treatment: Hypoxis hemerocallidea and Sutherlandia frutescens [[393]]. Also, in Romania it was noticed
AIDS 46222 hemerocallidea and Sutherlandia frutescens [[393]]. Also, in Romania it was noticed that children with AIDS who were treated with natural herbal remedies showed a decrease in mortality rate [[393]]. Furthermore,
malaria 27819 Combretum molle widely used in Ethiopian traditional medicine for the treatment of liver diseases, malaria and tuberculosis has been assessed against human imnmuunodeficiencvy virus type 1 (HIV-1) and type 2
meningitis 7891 includes fever, general malaise, lymphadenopathy, rash, myalgias, however serious consequences such as meningitis have also been reported [[7],[8]]. During the period of acute infection, the plasma levels of HIV RNA
tuberculosis 27831 molle widely used in Ethiopian traditional medicine for the treatment of liver diseases, malaria and tuberculosis has been assessed against human imnmuunodeficiencvy virus type 1 (HIV-1) and type 2 (HIV-2). The extracts

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