Tuberculosis-Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) co-infection in Ethiopia: a systematic review and meta-analysis

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Term Occurence Count Dictionary
AIDS 5 infectiousdiseases
diarrhea 1 infectiousdiseases
tuberculosis 1 infectiousdiseases

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AIDS 1944 mortality and morbidity; in 2016 for instance, 1.8 million people were newly infected and 1 million AIDS -related deaths were registered [[1]]. HIV/AIDS and TB (Tuberculosis) are considered as the double burden
AIDS 1991 1.8 million people were newly infected and 1 million AIDS-related deaths were registered [[1]]. HIV/ AIDS and TB (Tuberculosis) are considered as the double burden diseases of the world. According to the World
AIDS 9304 determined HIV infection among TB patients (n = 21,376) and 11 studies determined TB among HIV/ AIDS patients (5370) (see Table 1).Table 1Summary of the studies in the reviewAuthor, Year, (Ref.)Study
AIDS 10868 cross-sectionalTB patients, n = 14114.1%Fekadu et al., 2015 [[39]]South EthiopiaRetrospectiveHIV/ AIDS patients, n = 49918.2%)Belay et al., 2014 [[40]]Afar regionCross sectionalTB patients, n = 28728.6%Taddesse
AIDS 14291 the prevalence of TB-HIV co- infection is 22% in Ethiopia. Furthermore, the high prevalence of HIV/ AIDS in the general population is related to a higher prevalence of TB-HIV co-infection. This result is almost
diarrhea 4650 dissemination and extra-pulmonary TB manifestations [[18]]. Finally, patients suffer due to frequent pyrexia, diarrhea , severe weight loss and wasting [[19], [20]].In high burden and resource-limited countries like Ethiopia,
tuberculosis 4338 the disease, atypical TB presentations, delayed diagnosis and a low treatment response [[16]]. Active tuberculosis facilitates the transcription of HIV genes resulting in increased diversity and replication of HIV [[17]].

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