A meta-analysis of the prevalence of African animal trypanosomiasis in Nigeria from 1960 to 2017.

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trypanosomiasis 78 Title: Parasites & VectorsA meta-analysis of the prevalence of African animal trypanosomiasis in Nigeria from 1960 to 2017Paul Olalekan OdeniranIsaiah Oluwafemi AdemolaPublication date (epub): 5/2018Publication
trypanosomiasis 306 5/2018Publication date (pmc-release): 5/2018Publication date (collection): /2018AbstractBackgroundAfrican animal trypanosomiasis is an economically significant disease that affects the livestock industry in Nigeria. It is caused
trypanosomiasis 2355 (10.1186/s13071-018-2801-0) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.BackgroundAfrican animal trypanosomiasis (AAT) is caused by extracellular protozoan parasites of the genus Trypanosoma and it severely affects
trypanosomiasis 5755 English and included: trypanosomes, bovine, small ruminant, porcine, horses, camels, tsetse, Glossina, trypanosomiasis and Nigeria. Reference lists of relevant articles were visually scanned through to locate any omitted
trypanosomiasis 6432 location of study, tsetse species prevalence, Trypanosoma species prevalence, overall prevalence of trypanosomiasis in sampled herd, number of animal/tsetse examined, method of diagnosis and year of sampling. After assessing
trypanosomiasis 9947 analyzed results showed varying Trypanosoma species based on diagnostic techniques used for bovine trypanosomiasis . Microscopy showed higher prevalence T. vivax, while serology and PCR revealed a higher T. congolense
trypanosomiasis 10097 prevalence T. vivax, while serology and PCR revealed a higher T. congolense (Table 1). The analysis of goat trypanosomiasis revealed more studies were carried out using microscopy. Caprine trypanosomiasis prevalence was 3.7%
trypanosomiasis 10178 The analysis of goat trypanosomiasis revealed more studies were carried out using microscopy. Caprine trypanosomiasis prevalence was 3.7% (n = 14) and 71.7% (n = 1) for microscopy and PCR, respectively. All studies on
trypanosomiasis 10300 prevalence was 3.7% (n = 14) and 71.7% (n = 1) for microscopy and PCR, respectively. All studies on ovine trypanosomiasis were conducted using microscopy and demonstrated a prevalence of 7.7% (95% CI: 3.3–13.7%, χ2 = 453.1,
trypanosomiasis 10553 with T. vivax as most prevalent compared to the other species (Table 1). The prevalence of porcine trypanosomiasis observed was 3.2% (95% CI: 1.5–6.8%), 27.0% (95% CI: 21.2–33.7%) and 16.6% (95% CI: 14.0–19.5%)
trypanosomiasis 16840 [59], [100], [106]–[112]]DiscussionNational AAT prevalence over the period 1960–2017African animal trypanosomiasis (AAT) is a major threat to the livestock industry in Nigeria. The national prevalence of the disease
trypanosomiasis 17959 studied states for AAT have veterinary schools (Fig. 5).Fig. 5Nigeria states showing the intensity of trypanosomiasis studies conducted between 1960–2017Regional (southern vs northern) AAT prevalence over the period
trypanosomiasis 20830 DNA [[29]].Sub-group (goats, sheep, cattle and pigs) AAT prevalence over the period 1960–2017Bovine trypanosomiasis has often been targeted because of the increased number of nomads and corresponding number of cattle
trypanosomiasis 21987 necessary to consider the role of trypanotolerant small ruminants in the epidemiology of AAT. Porcine trypanosomiasis is also economically important especially with the recent detection of T. brucei gambiense in pigs from
trypanosomiasis 22482 possible transmission of trypanosomes from pigs to other animals and humans in Nigeria. The prevalence of trypanosomiasis in equines and camels suggest that more studies are needed to establish its overall prevalence.AAT prevalence
trypanosomiasis 25054 pigs where serology was most sensitive. This could be due to the limited number of studies on porcine trypanosomiasis in Nigeria. The analysis in this study suggests that PCR is more sensitive than the other methods for
trypanosomiasis 27288 variability.ConclusionsThe high prevalence of AAT and tsetse infection indicates that Nigeria may not eliminate trypanosomiasis any time soon if deliberate efforts are not employed. Microscopy has been widely used to investigate

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