The global burden of alveolar echinococcosis

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Term Occurence Count Dictionary
echinococcosis 23 infectiousdiseases
leprosy 1 infectiousdiseases
praziquantel 3 infectiousdiseasesdrugs
rabies 3 infectiousdiseases
schistosomiasis 1 infectiousdiseases
trypanosomiasis 1 infectiousdiseases
Chagas disease 2 infectiousdiseases
alveolar echinococcosis 7 infectiousdiseases
cystic echinococcosis 2 infectiousdiseases
filariasis 1 infectiousdiseases
onchocerciasis 2 infectiousdiseases
tuberculosis 1 infectiousdiseases
Japanese encephalitis 1 infectiousdiseases

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Select Drug Character Offset Drug Term Instance
praziquantel 6602 as Russia and Turkey.Control of the parasite is possible, for example, through the judicious use of praziquantel baits distributed to foxes [10]. Some studies have indicated that risk factors such as contamination
praziquantel 35403 also no vaccine for canid echinococcosis and control requires repeated treatment of foxes or dogs with praziquantel . Thus, although AE is rare on a global scale it has a high burden in some highly endemic communities
praziquantel 36340 factors for transmission. The wild life cycle can be disturbed through the treatment of foxes with praziquantel impregnated baits [10]. However, the feasibility of applying such control measures over large parts
Select Disease Character Offset Disease Term Instance
Chagas disease 34882 177,000 as a result of the 10 diseases of the neglected tropical disease cluster (trypanosomiasis, Chagas disease , schistosomiasis, leishmaniasis, lymphatic filariasis, onchocerciasis, intestinal nematode infections,
Chagas disease 35960 Diseases with similar magnitudes of DALYs include neglected tropical diseases such as onchocerciasis, and Chagas disease [47]. An initial estimate of the global burden of cystic echinococcosis was approximately 1 million
Japanese encephalitis 35000 schistosomiasis, leishmaniasis, lymphatic filariasis, onchocerciasis, intestinal nematode infections, Japanese encephalitis , dengue, and leprosy ) [44]. The disease burden can also be compared to that of rabies. Annual AE mortality
alveolar echinococcosis 533 KingdomPublication date (collection): 6/2010Publication date (epub): 6/2010AbstractBackgroundHuman alveolar echinococcosis (AE) is known to be common in certain rural communities in China whilst it is generally rare and sporadic
alveolar echinococcosis 2514 important diseases in certain communities in rural China on the Tibetan plateau.SummaryAuthor SummaryHuman alveolar echinococcosis (AE), caused by the larval stage of the fox tapeworm Echinococcus multilocularis, is amongst the world's
alveolar echinococcosis 3773 of AE is comparable to several diseases in the neglected tropical disease cluster.IntroductionHuman alveolar echinococcosis (AE) is caused by the larval stage of the fox tapeworm Echinococcus multilocularis. It is amongst the
alveolar echinococcosis 8747 the email address in the correspondence section. Key words used were Echinococcus multilocularis and alveolar echinococcosis for initial screening. Where appropriate the search term was also translated into the language of the
alveolar echinococcosis 16900 necessary to assign a disability weight. As no accepted disability weight has yet been assigned to alveolar echinococcosis the disability weight for carcinoma of the liver was used as previously [7]. The years lived with the
alveolar echinococcosis 22993 whilst China had 91% of the global number of cases it is believed that it has 95% of the YLLs due to alveolar echinococcosis . The total number of DALYs per annum for the world is estimated at a median of 666,433 (CIs 331,539
alveolar echinococcosis 26701 population at risk and actual case numbers are calculated accordingly.Russia is a large endemic area for alveolar echinococcosis . In some districts, particularly in Siberia there are reports of a number of human cases whilst elsewhere
cystic echinococcosis 14321 total numbers of cases for echinococcosis are recorded. In Russia in 2002 there were 3,274 cases of cystic echinococcosis (CE) notified [14]. In Turkey 14,789 cases of CE were notified in the 5 years 2001–2005 [15]. Separate
cystic echinococcosis 36025 diseases such as onchocerciasis, and Chagas disease [47]. An initial estimate of the global burden of cystic echinococcosis was approximately 1 million DALYs [22]. However, this is likely to be an underestimate [48] and a re-evaluation
echinococcosis 542 KingdomPublication date (collection): 6/2010Publication date (epub): 6/2010AbstractBackgroundHuman alveolar echinococcosis (AE) is known to be common in certain rural communities in China whilst it is generally rare and sporadic
echinococcosis 1049 previous results of survival analysis. Disability weights were suggested from previous burden studies on echinococcosis .Methodology/Principal FindingsWe undertook a detailed review of published literature and data from other
echinococcosis 2523 diseases in certain communities in rural China on the Tibetan plateau.SummaryAuthor SummaryHuman alveolar echinococcosis (AE), caused by the larval stage of the fox tapeworm Echinococcus multilocularis, is amongst the world's
echinococcosis 3782 comparable to several diseases in the neglected tropical disease cluster.IntroductionHuman alveolar echinococcosis (AE) is caused by the larval stage of the fox tapeworm Echinococcus multilocularis. It is amongst the
echinococcosis 8756 address in the correspondence section. Key words used were Echinococcus multilocularis and alveolar echinococcosis for initial screening. Where appropriate the search term was also translated into the language of the
echinococcosis 14248 of information.Incidence estimates from case seriesIn Turkey and Russia total numbers of cases for echinococcosis are recorded. In Russia in 2002 there were 3,274 cases of cystic echinococcosis (CE) notified [14].
echinococcosis 14328 numbers of cases for echinococcosis are recorded. In Russia in 2002 there were 3,274 cases of cystic echinococcosis (CE) notified [14]. In Turkey 14,789 cases of CE were notified in the 5 years 2001–2005 [15]. Separate
echinococcosis 14776 some nationwide figures which give a minimum estimate. However, there are a number of case series of echinococcosis published by surgical units which differentiate between CE and AE. The relative proportion of AE to
echinococcosis 15203 incidence and total country incidence of CE. In addition, in Turkey there was one detailed case series of echinococcosis with CNS involvement that identified 16 cases of AE with cerebral involvement over a 5 year period from
echinococcosis 15924 of AEReference446[61]728[62]19647[63]10939[64]20316[17]*33611[17]**13820[65]11122[66]*Intracranial echinococcosis only. Case searching from 47 neurosurgical units between 1994 and 1999.**Intracranial echinococcosis
echinococcosis 16025 echinococcosis only. Case searching from 47 neurosurgical units between 1994 and 1999.**Intracranial echinococcosis only. Reported literature cases from Turkey from 1940s–1990s.10.1371/journal.pntd.0000722.t004Table
echinococcosis 16909 necessary to assign a disability weight. As no accepted disability weight has yet been assigned to alveolar echinococcosis the disability weight for carcinoma of the liver was used as previously [7]. The years lived with the
echinococcosis 23002 China had 91% of the global number of cases it is believed that it has 95% of the YLLs due to alveolar echinococcosis . The total number of DALYs per annum for the world is estimated at a median of 666,433 (CIs 331,539
echinococcosis 26710 risk and actual case numbers are calculated accordingly.Russia is a large endemic area for alveolar echinococcosis . In some districts, particularly in Siberia there are reports of a number of human cases whilst elsewhere
echinococcosis 27714 reports or unpublished data. Bassonov wrote an extensive monograph [25] detailing the epidemiology of echinococcosis throughout countries of the former Soviet Union including summaries of otherwise difficult to obtain
echinococcosis 30694 underreported. There is a single case report of AE from northern Iraq [33].Turkey is highly endemic for echinococcosis . In total, approximately 3000 cases are recorded annually. The number of cases of AE is uncertain. The
echinococcosis 30835 3000 cases are recorded annually. The number of cases of AE is uncertain. The proportion of cases of echinococcosis that are AE have been reported in a number of case series (Table 3). Assuming a similar ratio of AE
echinococcosis 31512 study which specifically searched through the records of 47 neurosurgical units for cases of cerebral echinococcosis . This study found a total of 219 cases of intracranial echinococcosis in the five year period 1994–1999
echinococcosis 31582 neurosurgical units for cases of cerebral echinococcosis. This study found a total of 219 cases of intracranial echinococcosis in the five year period 1994–1999 [17]. Of these 16 were AE and 2 were AE with no extra CNS involvement.
echinococcosis 32535 the community. For example, in south Ningxi in China, CE represented 96% of hospital treated cases of echinococcosis , but ultrasound studies in the local community suggest that 56% of cases of echinococcosis are AE [36].The
echinococcosis 32626 cases of echinococcosis, but ultrasound studies in the local community suggest that 56% of cases of echinococcosis are AE [36].The USA and Canada are endemic for E. multilocularis. However there is very little transmission
echinococcosis 35326 55,000 [45], [46]. Nearly all is from Africa and Asia. Unlike rabies, there is also no vaccine for canid echinococcosis and control requires repeated treatment of foxes or dogs with praziquantel. Thus, although AE is rare
echinococcosis 36032 such as onchocerciasis, and Chagas disease [47]. An initial estimate of the global burden of cystic echinococcosis was approximately 1 million DALYs [22]. However, this is likely to be an underestimate [48] and a re-evaluation
filariasis 34940 tropical disease cluster (trypanosomiasis, Chagas disease, schistosomiasis, leishmaniasis, lymphatic filariasis , onchocerciasis, intestinal nematode infections, Japanese encephalitis, dengue, and leprosy ) [44].
leprosy 35035 lymphatic filariasis, onchocerciasis, intestinal nematode infections, Japanese encephalitis, dengue, and leprosy ) [44]. The disease burden can also be compared to that of rabies. Annual AE mortality is approximately
onchocerciasis 34952 disease cluster (trypanosomiasis, Chagas disease, schistosomiasis, leishmaniasis, lymphatic filariasis, onchocerciasis , intestinal nematode infections, Japanese encephalitis, dengue, and leprosy ) [44]. The disease burden
onchocerciasis 35940 the disease. Diseases with similar magnitudes of DALYs include neglected tropical diseases such as onchocerciasis , and Chagas disease [47]. An initial estimate of the global burden of cystic echinococcosis was approximately
rabies 35102 Japanese encephalitis, dengue, and leprosy ) [44]. The disease burden can also be compared to that of rabies . Annual AE mortality is approximately one third of that due to rabies which has been estimated at approximately
rabies 35172 can also be compared to that of rabies. Annual AE mortality is approximately one third of that due to rabies which has been estimated at approximately 55,000 [45], [46]. Nearly all is from Africa and Asia. Unlike
rabies 35283 which has been estimated at approximately 55,000 [45], [46]. Nearly all is from Africa and Asia. Unlike rabies , there is also no vaccine for canid echinococcosis and control requires repeated treatment of foxes
schistosomiasis 34898 result of the 10 diseases of the neglected tropical disease cluster (trypanosomiasis, Chagas disease, schistosomiasis , leishmaniasis, lymphatic filariasis, onchocerciasis, intestinal nematode infections, Japanese encephalitis,
trypanosomiasis 34865 total mortality of 177,000 as a result of the 10 diseases of the neglected tropical disease cluster ( trypanosomiasis , Chagas disease, schistosomiasis, leishmaniasis, lymphatic filariasis, onchocerciasis, intestinal nematode
tuberculosis 25232 at least 91% of the global incidence. In some communities the prevalence of AE is similar to that of tuberculosis [23]. Because of the large population at risk and the consistent finding of high prevalences we believe

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