Body fatness, diabetes, physical activity and risk of kidney stones: a systematic review and meta-analysis of cohort studies

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diabetes mellitus 3 endocrinologydiseases
obesity 3 endocrinologydiseases

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diabetes mellitus 12350 Table 4). Mean (median) study quality scores for the studies of BMI were 7.3 (7.0), for the studies of diabetes mellitus were 7.2 (7.0), and for the studies of physical activity were 7.0 (7.0).Fig. 1Flow-chart of study selectionTable 2Subgroup
diabetes mellitus 21306 and sodium than among studies without such adjustment (Table 1). The positive association between diabetes mellitus and kidney stones was not significant in every subgroup analysis, however, there was no evidence of
diabetes mellitus 26017 to be slightly stronger in the American than in the Asian studies and a positive association between diabetes mellitus and kidney stones was restricted to the European and American studies and not observed in the Asian
obesity 28735 insulin promotes the urinary and fractional excretion of calcium [[52]]. Other studies have reported that obesity increases urinary oxalate excretion [[46]] and reduces urinary citrate excretion [[53]]. A rat model
obesity 29154 findings have important public health implications in light of the current epidemics of overweight and obesity [[43]] and diabetes [[44]] globally and suggest that if current trends in rates of obesity and diabetes
obesity 29245 overweight and obesity [[43]] and diabetes [[44]] globally and suggest that if current trends in rates of obesity and diabetes continue an increased incidence of kidney stones could result. Since a history of kidney

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