Radiations and male fertility

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testosterone 9617 significant increase in DNA SB, protein carbonyl content, ROS, XO, MDA apoptosis and significant decrease in testosterone , LDH-X were observed in microwave exposed group. A treatment with melatonin prevent oxidative damage
testosterone 10232 sperm count, increased apoptosis, micronuclei and ROS. Affect the level of antioxidant enzymes and testosterone level. Morphological changes also observed under TEM.Kesari et al. 2011, Kesari and Behari 2012 [[27],
testosterone 10470 n = 3 each group2.45GHz/ 0.014 W/Kg (2 h/day for 60 days). PEMF 100 HzDecreased melatonin, testosterone and increased creatine kinase, capases significantly in exposed group. PEMF showed therapeutic impact
testosterone 11509 GSM (60 min/day for 3 months)Long term mobile phone radiation exposure leads to reduction in serum testosterone levelMeo et al. 2010 [[33]]Human semenRF-EMR 850 MHz/ 1.46 W/kg. (for 60 min)Motility & viability
testosterone 26963 exposure disrupts the seminiferous tubules and reduces the Leydig cell population and therefore the serum testosterone concentration in rats. Leydig cells secrete testosterone, where luteinizing hormone (LH) stimulates
testosterone 27020 Leydig cell population and therefore the serum testosterone concentration in rats. Leydig cells secrete testosterone , where luteinizing hormone (LH) stimulates Leydig cells to produce testosterone and maintains their
testosterone 27100 Leydig cells secrete testosterone, where luteinizing hormone (LH) stimulates Leydig cells to produce testosterone and maintains their function. Testosterone is responsible for feedback control of the LH secretion at
testosterone 27301 secretion at both the hypothalamus and pituitary. This pituitary hormone promotes the secretion of testosterone by the Leydig cells, which are the interstitial cells situated between the seminiferous tubules [[85]].
testosterone 27589 these cells may affect spermatogenesis [[86]]. Kumar et al. have reported a decline in the level of testosterone after 10 GHz of microwave exposure, where significant differences in exposed animals (1.4 ± 0.8 ng/ml)
testosterone 27821 found by comparing to the sham-exposed one (4.1 ± 1.4 ng/ml) [[63]].Several studies reported that testosterone is essential for spermatogenesis, formation of spermatozoa, and maintenance of structural morphology
testosterone 28027 morphology and physiology of seminiferous tubules [[87], [88]]. Therefore, any changes in the level of testosterone will have detrimental effects on male fertility. Meo et al. reported that radiations may affect the
testosterone 28244 state of polarization of the cellular membranes [[33]]. This may be responsible for distinct changes in testosterone synthesis and secretion. Since changes in serum testosterone levels may be associated with a possible
testosterone 28305 be responsible for distinct changes in testosterone synthesis and secretion. Since changes in serum testosterone levels may be associated with a possible effect on pineal melatonin secretion, mobile phones may cause
testosterone 28546 production, which is reported in several studies [[27], [89], [90]]. Melatonin is an important factor in testosterone secretion because it exerts an antigonadotrophic effect mainly at the level of the hypothalamus and
testosterone 42503 FSH may negatively affect spermatogenesis. On the other hand, LH stimulates Leydig cells to produce testosterone ; therefore a decrease in the level of the testosterone may affect sexual differentiation in the fetus
testosterone 42558 hand, LH stimulates Leydig cells to produce testosterone; therefore a decrease in the level of the testosterone may affect sexual differentiation in the fetus and spermatogenesis in the adult. FSH stimulates the
testosterone 42796 activates the seminiferous tubules, resulting in the production of sperm as well as the conversion of testosterone to estradiol [[137]]. Researchers reported that EMF is also responsible for the decrease of melatonin
testosterone 43219 antigonadotrophic effect mainly at the level of the hypothalamus and pituitary [[91], [92]] and decreases the testosterone secretion in Leydig cells with relevantly decreased testicular size and insufficient testosterone production
testosterone 43317 the testosterone secretion in Leydig cells with relevantly decreased testicular size and insufficient testosterone production [[92]]. Melatonin regulates the pulse of LH secretion in the hypothalamus, influencing gonadotropin
testosterone 48638 malondialdehyde and ROS (p < 0.01). Melatonin treatment also reversed the effects of EMF for sperm count, testosterone level and DNA fragmentation [[25]].Consumption of green tea (Camellia sinensis), a rich source of polyphenolic
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