Variables to Be Monitored via Biomedical Sensors for Complete Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus Management: An Extension of the "On-Board" Concept

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Term Occurence Count Dictionary
diabetic foot 1 endocrinologydiseases
hyperglycemia 7 endocrinologydiseases
metabolic syndrome 1 endocrinologydiseases
osteoporosis 1 endocrinologydiseases
type 1 diabetes mellitus 1 endocrinologydiseases
Insulin 4 endocrinologydiseasesdrugs
cortisol 1 endocrinologydiseasesdrugs
diabetes mellitus 2 endocrinologydiseases
hypoglycemia 7 endocrinologydiseases

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Insulin 24468 and a good sample frequency [[44]] to be one of the inputs to a continuous control algorithm.4.2.2. Insulin This hormone has an exogenous origin in a diabetic patient, who has to make a decision about the dose
Insulin 24851 optimization. It is necessary to differentiate three ways of taking insulin into account.Instantaneous Insulin Input. It refers to recent doses, especially fast-acting insulin (boluses). This type of insulin usually
Insulin 25051 insulin usually has an effect for two and a half hours, with a maximum peak effect at 90 minutes.Basal Insulin . It covers 24 hours, compensating for the normal and slow dump of glucose into the blood (due to the
Insulin 25241 blood (due to the action of glucagon) from the glycogen stored mainly within the liver.Accumulated Insulin (IOB). This concept has been taken into account in some of the scientific literature and means the insulin
cortisol 30309 present paper.4.2.5. StressStress hormones also have a hyperglycemic influence [[56]]. Adrenaline and cortisol are secreted for several reasons. In this case, two important aspects should be noted.Sleep Quality
Select Disease Character Offset Disease Term Instance
diabetes mellitus 415 de Cartagena, SpainPublication date (collection): /2018Publication date (epub): 9/2018AbstractType 1 diabetes mellitus (DM1) is a growing disease, and a deep understanding of the patient is required to prescribe the most
diabetes mellitus 2369 glucose (BG) levels. Unfortunately, this regulation is not possible in patients suffering from type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM1), who do not produce any insulin (a strong hormone able to reduce hyperglycemia), and, therefore,
diabetic foot 34632 patient. In this area, it is possible to name cardiovascular and renal impairment [[71]] and others like diabetic foot and retinopathy [[72]], where the importance of considering these simultaneous circumstances and implementing
hyperglycemia 2086 order to be fully functional.1. IntroductionDiabetes is a metabolic disease, characterized by chronic hyperglycemia resulting from the body's inability to produce and/or use insulin. In a nondiabetic human, glucose homeostasis
hyperglycemia 2458 from type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM1), who do not produce any insulin (a strong hormone able to reduce hyperglycemia ), and, therefore, they must exogenously inject this hormone (or wear an insulin pump) in order to reduce
hyperglycemia 2915 well as other factors like meals and exercise, decide when and how much insulin is required to avoid hyperglycemia .However, a great many new technological advances achieved in recent years offer a new perspective for
hyperglycemia 10083 (Medtronic 530G) and, recently, the FDA has also approved the Medtronic 670G, which is also able to minimize hyperglycemia thanks to its connection to the CGM gadget.Abbott now has two products available. The first one is the
hyperglycemia 26212 hypoglycemia and a lower requirement of insulin (however, it should be noted that exercise could cause hyperglycemia in the absence of insulin). Exercise also leads to a reduction of our reservoir of glycogen, which is
hyperglycemia 31187 Moreover, the heart rate can also be indicative of a hypoglycemia episode [[59]]; the relationship with hyperglycemia has also been studied [[60]].4.2.6. TemperatureThis parameter can be a symptom of hypoglycemia, becoming
hyperglycemia 31730 effects [[62]]. Completing this view, correlation between a hypothermic state could lead to subsequent hyperglycemia [[63]].4.2.7. PerspirationThis is another expression of hypoglycemia. As with temperature, this symptom
hypoglycemia 9961 a device with a CGM gadget and an insulin pump, capable of stopping the insulin infusion in case of hypoglycemia (Medtronic 530G) and, recently, the FDA has also approved the Medtronic 670G, which is also able to
hypoglycemia 20401 integral derivative (PID) controllers is studied. The integral component of the algorithm could cause hypoglycemia , and this is, in essence, the IOB contribution. This paper also presents the concept of “exercise
hypoglycemia 26109 permeable, which lets glucose enter the cells more effectively [[47]]. This could lead to the risk of hypoglycemia and a lower requirement of insulin (however, it should be noted that exercise could cause hyperglycemia
hypoglycemia 26409 glycogen, which is slowly dumped into the bloodstream throughout the day and relatively faster when hypoglycemia is taking place. Thus, it is possible to make a distinction between three aspects regarding exercise.Recent
hypoglycemia 31136 also be generated by stressful situations [[58]]. Moreover, the heart rate can also be indicative of a hypoglycemia episode [[59]]; the relationship with hyperglycemia has also been studied [[60]].4.2.6. TemperatureThis
hypoglycemia 31283 with hyperglycemia has also been studied [[60]].4.2.6. TemperatureThis parameter can be a symptom of hypoglycemia , becoming lower under these circumstances [[61]]. However, long-term patients with frequent drops of
hypoglycemia 31800 state could lead to subsequent hyperglycemia [[63]].4.2.7. PerspirationThis is another expression of hypoglycemia . As with temperature, this symptom can go unnoticed in long-term patients [[64]].4.2.8. Blood PressureArterial
metabolic syndrome 32006 PressureArterial hypertension is commonly associated with type 2 diabetes because of the so-called metabolic syndrome (which involves insulin resistance) and also with type 1 long-term diabetes patients, generally due
osteoporosis 34185 diabetic women, it is necessary to pay attention to menstruation, menopause [[68]], or the progression of osteoporosis [[69]].In another vein, influence of psychiatric illness has been discussed in [[70]], concluding the
type 1 diabetes mellitus 2362 blood glucose (BG) levels. Unfortunately, this regulation is not possible in patients suffering from type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM1), who do not produce any insulin (a strong hormone able to reduce hyperglycemia), and, therefore,

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