Implications of the Intestinal Microbiota in Diagnosing the Progression of Diabetes and the Presence of Cardiovascular Complications

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Term Occurence Count Dictionary
diabetes mellitus 4 endocrinologydiseases
hyperglycemia 2 endocrinologydiseases
hypoglycemia 4 endocrinologydiseases
metabolic syndrome 3 endocrinologydiseases
obesity 8 endocrinologydiseases
type 2 diabetes mellitus 1 endocrinologydiseases

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diabetes mellitus 3085 highlight issues related to the involvement of microbiota and trimethylamine N-oxide in the pathogenesis of diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease. Better appreciation of the interactions between food intake and intestinal
diabetes mellitus 20846 the activity of liver enzymes. There was a direct relationship between plasma TMAO concentrations, diabetes mellitus , acute coronary syndromes, and peripheral vascular disease [[25], [36]].Furthermore, some experimental
diabetes mellitus 31841 heart failure, nephropathy, and other microvascular events [[30], [40]].There is an association between diabetes mellitus and atrial fibrillation. Both have common precursors of hypertension, atherosclerosis, and obesity.
diabetes mellitus 32867 subsequent cardiovascular complications [[26]]. Reduced global microbial diversity in subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus , diminution of Firmicutes bacteria (including Clostridia), and the occurrence of proteobacteria correlate
hyperglycemia 1703 nephropathy, and neuropathy. Key factors that cause cardiovascular disease in people with diabetes include hyperglycemia , dyslipidemia, obesity, insulin resistance, inflammation, hypertension, autonomic dysfunction, and decreased
hyperglycemia 37789 diabetes is a complex metabolic disease where concomitant insulin resistance and beta cell damage lead to hyperglycemia . Its proliferation is rapidly and progressively increasing due to an increase in prevalence of obesity
hypoglycemia 25302 diaphoresis, anxiety, hunger, and headache [[39], [40]]. There are several mechanisms through which hypoglycemia could promote adverse cardiovascular effects in high-risk individuals. Hemodynamic changes following
hypoglycemia 25440 cardiovascular effects in high-risk individuals. Hemodynamic changes following autonomous self-induced hypoglycemia include increased systolic blood pressure, heart rate, myocardial contractility, and cardiac output
hypoglycemia 25734 long-term diabetes, has also been associated with a prolonged QT interval. The relationship between hypoglycemia , autonomic neuropathy, and cardiac repolarization may contribute to arrhythmias and the risk of sudden
hypoglycemia 25897 may contribute to arrhythmias and the risk of sudden death in people with diabetes [[38]]. Finally, hypoglycemia may have adverse effects on endothelial function, platelet reactivation, and coagulation cascade, and
metabolic syndrome 6161 health [[9]]. The disruption of the intestinal microbe may also be associated with numerous pathologies: metabolic syndrome , obesity, diabetes, renal disease, cardiovascular disease, neoplasia, and Alzheimer's disease [[2]].
metabolic syndrome 24688 function leading to myocardial dysfunction, called “metabolic cardiomyopathy” [[42]].The presence of a metabolic syndrome exposes patients to an increased risk of cardiovascular complications. Moreover, in addition to classical
metabolic syndrome 32723 have been linked to changes in insulin sensitivity and in glucose metabolism and the development of metabolic syndrome with diabetes and subsequent cardiovascular complications [[26]]. Reduced global microbial diversity
obesity 1732 factors that cause cardiovascular disease in people with diabetes include hyperglycemia, dyslipidemia, obesity , insulin resistance, inflammation, hypertension, autonomic dysfunction, and decreased vascular response
obesity 6181 disruption of the intestinal microbe may also be associated with numerous pathologies: metabolic syndrome, obesity , diabetes, renal disease, cardiovascular disease, neoplasia, and Alzheimer's disease [[2]]. Clostridium
obesity 12117 nervous system, which promotes increased secretion of insulin stimulated by glucose, hyperphagia, and obesity [[16]].Intestinal bacteria produce many biologically active molecules, some of which play a role in
obesity 31950 mellitus and atrial fibrillation. Both have common precursors of hypertension, atherosclerosis, and obesity . Diabetes results from defects in insulin and glucose control. This, in turn, can directly affect the
obesity 34042 TreatmentChanging one's lifestyle can lead to a reduction in the risk of chronic illness, including obesity and diabetes [[48]].Cardiovascular disease, the leading cause of death worldwide, poses an interest
obesity 35055 lactose tolerance, has anti-inflammatory effect, and even regulates intestinal disorders caused by obesity [[1], [49]]. Probiotics are living nonpathogenic microorganisms that provide benefits to the host [[1],
obesity 35452 insulin resistance, and intestinal hormone modulation [[51]].Fecal transplantation may reduce the risk of obesity , type 2 diabetes, insulin resistance, and increased BMI [[1]].Modulation of intestinal microbiota by
obesity 37898 hyperglycemia. Its proliferation is rapidly and progressively increasing due to an increase in prevalence of obesity and maintaining a western lifestyle in developing countries. Associated complications that come about
type 2 diabetes mellitus 32860 subsequent cardiovascular complications [[26]]. Reduced global microbial diversity in subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus , diminution of Firmicutes bacteria (including Clostridia), and the occurrence of proteobacteria correlate

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