Calcium homeostasis in diabetes mellitus.

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Term Occurence Count Dictionary
primary hyperparathyroidism 2 endocrinologydiseases
diabetic ketoacidosis 2 endocrinologydiseases
hyperphosphatemia 4 endocrinologydiseases
hyperglycemia 1 endocrinologydiseases
hyperparathyroidism 6 endocrinologydiseases
hypoparathyroidism 1 endocrinologydiseases
hypophosphatemia 1 endocrinologydiseases
obesity 5 endocrinologydiseases
diabetes mellitus 4 endocrinologydiseases
hypercalcemia 5 endocrinologydiseases

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diabetes mellitus 59 Title: Journal of Veterinary ScienceCalcium homeostasis in diabetes mellitus Changhwan AhnJi-Houn KangEui-Bae Jeung1Laboratory of Veterinary Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, College
diabetes mellitus 5583 independent with glucose concentration.Calcium and vitamin D supplementation attenuates symptoms of diabetes mellitus Prospective studies have reported varying results regarding the association between calcium intake and
diabetes mellitus 7952 relationship among calcium, vitamin D, and glucose homeostasis in T2DM.Calcium-associated proteins and diabetes mellitus Cytosolic calcium is used for insulin secretion in pancreatic β cells. Calcium channels in cytoplasm,
diabetes mellitus 17890 is related to long-term insulin resistance and relative insulin insufficiency and can lead to overt diabetes mellitus (DM) or deterioration of glycemic control in established DM. Patients with DM have an increased risk
diabetic ketoacidosis 633 lifestyle-related pandemic disease. Diabetic patients frequently develop electrolyte disorders, especially diabetic ketoacidosis or nonketotic hyperglycemic hyperosmolar syndrome. Such patients show characteristic potassium, magnesium,
diabetic ketoacidosis 12414 autoantibodies [[37]]. Recently, a case of severe hypercalcemia [15 mg/dL (3.75 mmol/L)] with dehydration in diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) was reported [[29]]. In DKA, which is a life-threatening complication of DM, a hypovolemic condition
hypercalcemia 11287 concentration even though there are normal ionized serum calcium levels [[28]].Relationship between hypercalcemia and diabetesThe incidence of DM in primary hyperparathyroidism is approximately 8%, while that of primary
hypercalcemia 12355 hyperparathyroidism associated with anti-calcium-sensing receptor autoantibodies [[37]]. Recently, a case of severe hypercalcemia [15 mg/dL (3.75 mmol/L)] with dehydration in diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) was reported [[29]]. In DKA,
hypercalcemia 12610 complication of DM, a hypovolemic condition might be the most important causative factor for the occurrence of hypercalcemia [[29]]. Metabolic acidosis and bone resorption decreases bone formation, and bone resorption is a process
hypercalcemia 12911 bone resorption, insulin growth factor-1 deficiency and hypophosphatemia are potential factors for hypercalcemia in DM [[3][4][29][59]]. In addition, medication such as thiazide diuretics for diabetic patients may
hypercalcemia 13036 [[3][4][29][59]]. In addition, medication such as thiazide diuretics for diabetic patients may result in hypercalcemia [[18]].Classification of diabetes in dogs and catsDM is a common disease in dogs and cats, although
hyperglycemia 14950 deposited in islets of the pancreas and can develop into islet glucotoxicity when exposed to prolonged hyperglycemia [[41]].Relationship between unbalanced serum calcium level and diabetes in dogs and catsThe importance
hyperparathyroidism 11344 calcium levels [[28]].Relationship between hypercalcemia and diabetesThe incidence of DM in primary hyperparathyroidism is approximately 8%, while that of primary hyperparathyroidism in DM is 1% [[28]]. Both values are about
hyperparathyroidism 11407 diabetesThe incidence of DM in primary hyperparathyroidism is approximately 8%, while that of primary hyperparathyroidism in DM is 1% [[28]]. Both values are about three-fold higher than the prevalence of each disease in the
hyperparathyroidism 11972 increases the requirement for insulin, makes over-produce and over-secrete of insulin, resulting in hyperparathyroidism -mediated insulin resistance [[58]]. Serum calcium level should be evaluated in diabetic patients because
hyperparathyroidism 12097 hyperparathyroidism-mediated insulin resistance [[58]]. Serum calcium level should be evaluated in diabetic patients because hyperparathyroidism has been linked to hypertension [[21][58]]. For T1DM patients, a high serum calcium level is a risk
hyperparathyroidism 12239 hypertension [[21][58]]. For T1DM patients, a high serum calcium level is a risk factor for autoimmune hyperparathyroidism associated with anti-calcium-sensing receptor autoantibodies [[37]]. Recently, a case of severe hypercalcemia
hyperparathyroidism 17193 particularly common in decompensated DM as well as in the presence of renal impairment or hypo- or hyperparathyroidism , which could result in impaired calcium homeostasis. Patients with DM often exhibit electrolyte disorders.
hyperphosphatemia 9985 conditions of renal failure, phosphorus cannot be excreted by the malfunctioning kidney, leading to hyperphosphatemia [[28]]. A hyperphosphatemic condition induces hypocalcemia by interfering in phosphorus excretion in
hyperphosphatemia 10304 from the bloodstream. Advanced chronic renal insufficiency may be associated with hypocalcemia due to hyperphosphatemia or low levels of blood vitamin D [[28]]. Like hyperphosphatemia, hypomagnesemia is another cause of
hyperphosphatemia 10368 associated with hypocalcemia due to hyperphosphatemia or low levels of blood vitamin D [[28]]. Like hyperphosphatemia , hypomagnesemia is another cause of hypocalcemia in diabetic patients [[38]]. Mg2+ depletion leads to
hyperphosphatemia 16128 an increased frequency of electrolyte abnormalities are lethal. Increased cell catabolism and severe hyperphosphatemia may occur in the presence of a malfunctioning kidney, resulting in hypocalcemia, which, in dogs, can
hypoparathyroidism 10788 furosemide administration may also induce hypocalcemia. DM patients have an increased prevalence of hypoparathyroidism [[57]]. Moreover, a small downward shift in PTH secretion in patients with T1DM, as well as decreased
hypophosphatemia 12868 deficiency and metabolic acidosis [[59]]. As well as bone resorption, insulin growth factor-1 deficiency and hypophosphatemia are potential factors for hypercalcemia in DM [[3][4][29][59]]. In addition, medication such as thiazide
obesity 2469 researched for the regulation of apoptosis, a process that can determine cell death in diseases such as obesity and type 2 diabetes (T2DM) [[5][36][46][47]]. Moreover, 1,25(OH)2D3-induced Ca2+ signals (Ca2+ oscillations)
obesity 2861 deficiency and dysregulation of vitamin D metabolism have been associated with an increased risk of obesity and T2DM; however, the mechanism for an association between vitamin D and disease such as obesity and
obesity 2959 of obesity and T2DM; however, the mechanism for an association between vitamin D and disease such as obesity and T2DM remains unclear [[45][48][53]]. In secretory cells, vitamin D has protective against apoptosis
obesity 3251 1,25(OH)2D3 [[43]]. Elucidation of the role of 1,25(OH)2D3 in the regulation of cellular Ca2+ signaling in obesity and T2DM may lead to the development of novel therapeutic and preventive modalities for these diseases.The
obesity 14376 dogs, the most common form of diabetes in cats is similar to T2DM in humans [[26]]. As in human T2DM, obesity in cats is major risk factors for DM [[26][41][55]]. Obesity in cats can alter the expression of several
primary hyperparathyroidism 11336 ionized serum calcium levels [[28]].Relationship between hypercalcemia and diabetesThe incidence of DM in primary hyperparathyroidism is approximately 8%, while that of primary hyperparathyroidism in DM is 1% [[28]]. Both values are about
primary hyperparathyroidism 11399 hypercalcemia and diabetesThe incidence of DM in primary hyperparathyroidism is approximately 8%, while that of primary hyperparathyroidism in DM is 1% [[28]]. Both values are about three-fold higher than the prevalence of each disease in the

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