Changes of transforming growth factor beta 1 in patients with type 2 diabetes and diabetic nephropathy: A PRISMA-compliant systematic review and meta-analysis

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diabetes mellitus 3 endocrinologydiseases
type 2 diabetes mellitus 3 endocrinologydiseases

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diabetes mellitus 771 evidence indicates increased levels of transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-β1) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and those with type 2 diabetic nephropathy (T2DN); yet no meta-analysis displays a reliable result.
diabetes mellitus 2876 or non-Chinese, had increased serum and urine TGF-β1 levels.Introduction1The prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and diabetic nephropathy (DN) is growing rapidly worldwide, posing potential economic burden
diabetes mellitus 11391 P < .001). CI = confidence interval, SMD = standard mean difference, T2DM = type 2 diabetes mellitus , TGF-β1 = transforming growth factor beta 1.Figure 3Forest plots for the level (μg/L) of serum
type 2 diabetes mellitus 764 evidence indicates increased levels of transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-β1) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and those with type 2 diabetic nephropathy (T2DN); yet no meta-analysis displays a reliable result.
type 2 diabetes mellitus 2869 Chinese or non-Chinese, had increased serum and urine TGF-β1 levels.Introduction1The prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and diabetic nephropathy (DN) is growing rapidly worldwide, posing potential economic burden
type 2 diabetes mellitus 11384 0.77–1.62, P < .001). CI = confidence interval, SMD = standard mean difference, T2DM = type 2 diabetes mellitus , TGF-β1 = transforming growth factor beta 1.Figure 3Forest plots for the level (μg/L) of serum

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