Estimating the prevalence, hospitalisation and mortality from type 2 diabetes mellitus in Nigeria: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

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Term Occurence Count Dictionary
obesity 2 endocrinologydiseases
type 2 diabetes mellitus 12 endocrinologydiseases
diabetes mellitus 16 endocrinologydiseases
diabetic foot 3 endocrinologydiseases
diabetic ketoacidosis 3 endocrinologydiseases
glucose intolerance 1 endocrinologydiseases
hyperglycemia 1 endocrinologydiseases

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diabetes mellitus 84 Title: BMJ OpenEstimating the prevalence, hospitalisation and mortality from type 2 diabetes mellitus in Nigeria: a systematic review and meta-analysisDavies AdeloyeJanet O IgeAdewale V AderemiNgozi AdeleyeEmmanuel
diabetes mellitus 466 5/2017AbstractBackgroundThere is not yet a comprehensive evidence-based epidemiological report on type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in Nigeria. We aimed to estimate country-wide and zonal prevalence, hospitalisation and mortality
diabetes mellitus 2178 and limitations of this studyThis study provides a comprehensive report on the epidemiology of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in Nigeria since the last nationwide survey of non-communicable diseases in 1997.Estimates provided
diabetes mellitus 2635 more research in the region.IntroductionMany studies have reported increasing prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) globally.[1] According to International Diabetes Federation (IDF), there were over 151 million
diabetes mellitus 6481 risk factors/112 or 3 or 4 or 5 or 6 or 7 or 8 or 9 or 1012exp glucose metabolism disorders/ or exp diabetes mellitus / or exp diabetes mellitus/ or exp diabetes mellitus, type 2/ or exp diabetic ketoacidosis/ or exp prediabetic
diabetes mellitus 6507 or 5 or 6 or 7 or 8 or 9 or 1012exp glucose metabolism disorders/ or exp diabetes mellitus/ or exp diabetes mellitus / or exp diabetes mellitus, type 2/ or exp diabetic ketoacidosis/ or exp prediabetic state/ or exp glycosuria/
diabetes mellitus 6533 or 1012exp glucose metabolism disorders/ or exp diabetes mellitus/ or exp diabetes mellitus/ or exp diabetes mellitus , type 2/ or exp diabetic ketoacidosis/ or exp prediabetic state/ or exp glycosuria/ or exp hyperglycemia/
diabetes mellitus 19452 fasting plasma glucose; IDF, International Diabetes Federation; RBG, random blood glucose; T2DM, type 2 diabetes mellitus ; 2hr-PG, 2-hour postprandial glucose.Figure 1Flow chart of selection of T2DM studies in Nigeria. AJOL, Africa
diabetes mellitus 19612 glucose.Figure 1Flow chart of selection of T2DM studies in Nigeria. AJOL, Africa Journals Online; T2DM, type 2 diabetes mellitus .Study characteristicsOf the 42 retained studies, 36 were population-based cross-sectional studies reporting
diabetes mellitus 21045 selected studies (figure 2).Figure 2Funnel plot showing distribution of selected studies. T2DM, type 2 diabetes mellitus .Outcome measuresPrevalence ratesThe lowest prevalence of T2DM was 0.8% recorded in Ibadan, South–West
diabetes mellitus 23030 significance.FPG, fasting plasma glucose; IFG, impaired fasting glucose; IGT, impaired glucose tolerance; T2DM, type 2 diabetes mellitus .Figure 3Pooled prevalence rate of T2DM in Nigeria.T2DM, type 2 diabetes mellitus.The South–South
diabetes mellitus 23112 tolerance; T2DM, type 2 diabetes mellitus.Figure 3Pooled prevalence rate of T2DM in Nigeria.T2DM, type 2 diabetes mellitus .The South–South region of Nigeria had the highest pooled prevalence of T2DM at 8.5% (95% CI 5.1% to
diabetes mellitus 24081 (95% CI 2.7% to 17.2%), respectively (table 4).Table 4Overview of subgroup meta-analysis of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in NigeriaSubgroupT2DM prevalence % (95% CI)I2, p valueSettingUrban5.3 (3.5 to 7.0)96.6%,
diabetes mellitus 27588 10.0%), respectively (table 5).Table 5Hospitalisation, mortality and case fatality rate of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in NigeriaDataPooled estimate (95% CI)I2, p valueHospital admission rate* (per 100 000)222.6
diabetes mellitus 29891 modelling showing relationship between prevalence of T2DM and mean age of the population.T2DM, type 2 diabetes mellitus .Note: T2DM prevalence (y), age (x), year (z) and size of the bubble correspond to study sample size.
diabetes mellitus 30615 20–79 years between the two years (table 7).Table 7Age-adjusted prevalence rates and cases of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in Nigeria in 1990 and 2015Age group19902015Nigeria population (000s)Prevalence* (%)T2DM cases
diabetic foot 1704 for T2DM was 222.6 (95% CI 133.1 to 312.1) per 100 000 population with hyperglycaemic emergencies, diabetic foot and cardiovascular diseases being most common complications. The overall mortality rate was 30.2 (95%
diabetic foot 27234 population. Hyperglycaemic emergencies (mainly diabetic ketoacidosis and hyperosmolar non-ketotic coma), diabetic foot , uncontrolled hypertension and stroke were the most common complications or indications of admission,
diabetic foot 36227 complications) and case fatality rates were comparatively higher in Nigeria, with hyperglycaemic emergencies, diabetic foot and cardiovascular diseases being the most common indications. In Nigeria, there have been reports that
diabetic ketoacidosis 6567 disorders/ or exp diabetes mellitus/ or exp diabetes mellitus/ or exp diabetes mellitus, type 2/ or exp diabetic ketoacidosis / or exp prediabetic state/ or exp glycosuria/ or exp hyperglycemia/ or exp glucose intolerance/131 and
diabetic ketoacidosis 27176 rate of 222.6 (95% CI 133.1 to 312.1) per 100 000 population. Hyperglycaemic emergencies (mainly diabetic ketoacidosis and hyperosmolar non-ketotic coma), diabetic foot, uncontrolled hypertension and stroke were the most
diabetic ketoacidosis 36473 to health facilities at advanced stages of the disease.[14] Acute complications of diabetes, mainly diabetic ketoacidosis , hyperosmolar non-ketotic coma and hypoglycaemia, are frequent indications of hospital emergencies in
glucose intolerance 6664 exp diabetic ketoacidosis/ or exp prediabetic state/ or exp glycosuria/ or exp hyperglycemia/ or exp glucose intolerance /131 and 11 and 1214Limit 13 to ‘1985-current’The databases’ search was conducted on 10 February
hyperglycemia 6642 mellitus, type 2/ or exp diabetic ketoacidosis/ or exp prediabetic state/ or exp glycosuria/ or exp hyperglycemia / or exp glucose intolerance/131 and 11 and 1214Limit 13 to ‘1985-current’The databases’ search
obesity 3039 diabetes globally increased from 108 million in 1980 to 422 million in 2014, with overweight and obesity being major risk factors.[7] This increase was also observed in Africa, with diabetes cases increasing
obesity 34347 diabetes observed among African women may be due to the relatively higher prevalence of overweight and obesity among women across many African settings,[71] who have wrongly associated this with healthy living,
type 2 diabetes mellitus 77 Title: BMJ OpenEstimating the prevalence, hospitalisation and mortality from type 2 diabetes mellitus in Nigeria: a systematic review and meta-analysisDavies AdeloyeJanet O IgeAdewale V AderemiNgozi AdeleyeEmmanuel
type 2 diabetes mellitus 459 (epub): 5/2017AbstractBackgroundThere is not yet a comprehensive evidence-based epidemiological report on type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in Nigeria. We aimed to estimate country-wide and zonal prevalence, hospitalisation and mortality
type 2 diabetes mellitus 2171 treatment.Strengths and limitations of this studyThis study provides a comprehensive report on the epidemiology of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in Nigeria since the last nationwide survey of non-communicable diseases in 1997.Estimates provided
type 2 diabetes mellitus 2628 need for more research in the region.IntroductionMany studies have reported increasing prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) globally.[1] According to International Diabetes Federation (IDF), there were over 151 million
type 2 diabetes mellitus 19445 FPG, fasting plasma glucose; IDF, International Diabetes Federation; RBG, random blood glucose; T2DM, type 2 diabetes mellitus ; 2hr-PG, 2-hour postprandial glucose.Figure 1Flow chart of selection of T2DM studies in Nigeria. AJOL, Africa
type 2 diabetes mellitus 19605 glucose.Figure 1Flow chart of selection of T2DM studies in Nigeria. AJOL, Africa Journals Online; T2DM, type 2 diabetes mellitus .Study characteristicsOf the 42 retained studies, 36 were population-based cross-sectional studies reporting
type 2 diabetes mellitus 21038 across selected studies (figure 2).Figure 2Funnel plot showing distribution of selected studies. T2DM, type 2 diabetes mellitus .Outcome measuresPrevalence ratesThe lowest prevalence of T2DM was 0.8% recorded in Ibadan, South–West
type 2 diabetes mellitus 23023 significance.FPG, fasting plasma glucose; IFG, impaired fasting glucose; IGT, impaired glucose tolerance; T2DM, type 2 diabetes mellitus .Figure 3Pooled prevalence rate of T2DM in Nigeria.T2DM, type 2 diabetes mellitus.The South–South
type 2 diabetes mellitus 23105 tolerance; T2DM, type 2 diabetes mellitus.Figure 3Pooled prevalence rate of T2DM in Nigeria.T2DM, type 2 diabetes mellitus .The South–South region of Nigeria had the highest pooled prevalence of T2DM at 8.5% (95% CI 5.1% to
type 2 diabetes mellitus 27581 7.4% to 10.0%), respectively (table 5).Table 5Hospitalisation, mortality and case fatality rate of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in NigeriaDataPooled estimate (95% CI)I2, p valueHospital admission rate* (per 100 000)222.6
type 2 diabetes mellitus 29884 epidemiological modelling showing relationship between prevalence of T2DM and mean age of the population.T2DM, type 2 diabetes mellitus .Note: T2DM prevalence (y), age (x), year (z) and size of the bubble correspond to study sample size.
type 2 diabetes mellitus 30608 aged 20–79 years between the two years (table 7).Table 7Age-adjusted prevalence rates and cases of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in Nigeria in 1990 and 2015Age group19902015Nigeria population (000s)Prevalence* (%)T2DM cases

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